|Kingdom of Quiberon
Royaume de Quiberon
|Motto: Soit droit fait
Let Right Prevail
|Anthem: Vive le roi|
|Ethnic groups||93% Quiberois
|•||Prime Minister||Corinne Lapointe|
|Legislature||Chamber of Representatives (Chambre des représentants)|
|GDP (PPP)||2019 estimate|
|•||Total||$2.604 trillion (15th)|
|•||Per capita||$51,079 (6th)|
The Quibs established the first state of Quiberon. The Quibs were a Germanic people who migrated to the Connary Peninsula, and adopted elements of local Romance language and culture. They converted to Oswinism in the 10th century and established a customary feudal order which persisted until the Arteran Enlightenment, when it was swept away and replaced by a juridical state.
At the end of the 18th century, Quiberon and (North Fanta) formed a union with Fanta to check the rising power of Varnia. The period of Quiberon's subsumption into the United Kingdoms of Fanta is known as the Âge sombre. Quiberois explorers and colonists led a small colonial empire during the Arteran Age of Discovery. Quiberon was made independent again after Fanta's defeat in the Great War, and a new constitution was established. Quiberon is a relatively small country, but it is an influential source of philosophy, law, and culture for Arterus.
- 1 History
- 2 Politics
- 3 Popular society
- 4 Civic society
- 5 Military
Human hunter-gatherers settled Quiberon c. 50,000 BC. Persistent glaciation delayed agriculture until around the 2,000 BC, and archeological evidence shows only limited agrarian settlements before 300 BC. The first sedentary peoples of Quiberon were Germanics who practiced pagan religions and organized themselves into tribes similar in structure and custom to those in northern Arterus. Dumani histories referred to these peoples as Kebs, Romanticized to "Quibs."
The Quibs were bitter enemies of the Dumani Empire, which had established itself in southern Arterus during the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD. The Quibs were conquered by the Empire during the Quiberic Wars of the 9th century AD. During the Crisis of the 11th Century, they fought with the pretender Emperor of Charleroi, and won back their independence. The Crisis prompted the Quibs to convert to an early form of Oswinism, making them one of the first tribes within the Dumani Empire to abandon pagan religion.
The fall of the Dumani Empire in the 13th century led to conflict between the formerly subjugated peoples. The loose Quiberois tribes could not withstand the organized armies of larger, cosmopolitan southern states like Fanta. Quiberois tribal governance gave way to feudalism. A lordly class of seigneurs (from the Old Quiberois seignor, meaning "senior") emerged from those capable of protecting subjects against foreign princes. Drawn mostly from the old tribal chiefs and imperial landowners, these seigneurs stood atop the feudal hierarchy of Quiberon.
Early modern period
Competition with other Arteran feudal states, especially Fanta and Varnia, led Quiberon's seigneurs to transfer more and more power to a high seigneur, or roy (King) capable of protecting their lands. The trend toward Crown centralization was mirrored in the rest of Arterus and Wallasea, but was particularly advanced in Quiberon.
Quiberon was a minor participant in the Council of Trogg in the 16th century. It, like the rest of Arterus, escaped the devastating religious turmoil provoked by the Council in Wallasea, and prospered during the early modern period. The Apostolic dogma which emerged from Trogg closely paralleled existing Arteran dogma. The Reformed Apostolic Church of Quiberon enjoyed unchallenged primacy until the Arteran Enlightenment.
Arterus enjoyed a long period of peace and prosperity following the Council of Trogg. Philosophy and literature flourished, and new political ideas emerged. Quiberois philosophers were influential in the Arteran Enlightenment, a philosophical movement which sought to transcend Oswinite theology and substitute a political theology based in reason.
Quiberois thinkers are especially associated with the Juridical branch of Enlightenment philosophy. Juridical thinkers sought a state which would operate by the universal principles of natural law, rather than by any political will. The utopic État de droit of Juridical philosophy influenced Arteran philosophy for generations, and remains influential in modern Quiberois society.
Union with Fanta
Quiberon's strategic position deteriorated during the 18th century. Both of Quiberon's neighbours, Fanta and Varnia, had experienced high population growth over the preceding century. Quiberon's anemic growth meant that its economy was less than half the size of principal rival Varnia's. Quiberois seigneurs looked to Fanta, whose royal family was connected to Quiberon's by marriage, as a source of protection. A group of especially powerful seigneurs whose estates lay along the Gravic Sea, known as the Gravic Clique, persuaded King Clovis II to enter a dynastic union with King Henry IX of Fanta, creating the United Kingdom of Fanta and Quiberon. Simultaneously, Fanta formed a separate dynastic union with (German North Fanta), without the knowledge of the Quiberois seigneurs, resulting in the United Kingdoms of Fanta.
The period of Quiberon's subsumption into Fanta is known as the Âge sombre (Dark Ages) in modern historiography. However, union was popular with contemporary Quiberois. As part of the United Kingdoms, Quiberon successfully resisted the Varnian republican invasions of the 1790s, and retained its native institutions. Quiberois explorers and colonists played an important role in the development of Fantasian colonies, especially Regenmark (Finistère) and Motappaland.
Under the protection of the United Kingdoms, the Quiberois Kingdom underwent a period of "rationalization." Royal prerogative was restricted through the Charter of 1818, and Arteran juridical thought became the basis for the state's legitimacy. The juridical idea of "Right" drove reorganization of the courts, and creation of a new inquisitorial system of justice aimed at determining the rightful limits of state power.
The United Kingdoms fought a number of inconclusive wars with Varnia during the 19th century, mostly over control of the coal-rich Gweland region. Gweland's coal helped Quiberon to become one of the most industrialized parts of the world. As Quiberon industrialized, the power of the seigneurs lessened, and a new class of wealthy capitalists and artisans emerged. Intellectuals from within this class distrusted the Crown, viewed union as a project of the seigneurs, and sought independence and further juridical modernization for Quiberon. They were known as the Sovereigntists.
When the Great War began in Wallasea, the United Kingdoms made a pact with Dumanum to invade Varnia if war broke out in Crataea. When war was declared, Quibero-Fantasian armies invaded Varnian Gweland. Varnia rapidly defeated the United Kingdoms' armies and occupied Quiberon. It installed a government made up of prominent Sovereigntists.
Formation of a juridical state
Free from Fantasian rule, the Sovereigntists accelerated juridical reforms. The High Court of Quiberon was set up to interpret natural law, and direct civil servants on their appropriate roles. Prominent Sovereigntists were appointed as the Court's first légitimateurs. The ancestral privileges of seigneurs were abolished, and equal legal protection extended to all citizens.
Quiberon is an Arteran juridical state. Quiberois public authority is enabled by a written constitution, called the Loi radicale (“Root-Law”). The Loi radicale sets out the institutions of Quiberois government, and derives their powers from the basis of natural right. The High Court of Quiberon instructs government on how law may be created in accordance with Right. A unicameral legislature (the Chamber of Representatives) writes law within the limits of the court's instructions. The monarch has no practical role in politics, but performs an important legal role in assenting to law as a personification of the state.
Quiberon’s political system originated during the Arteran Enlightenment, a period of rapid social and industrial development which followed the Suffering of Trogg. Before the Enlightenment, Quiberon was an Artero-Feudal society with an absolute monarch and a hereditary class of aristocrats (seigneurs).
Quiberon's legal system is efficient and predictable. Courts apply legal codes to disputes, in accordance with the principles of private and public right.
The idea of “Right” (le droit) is fundamental to the Quiberois legal tradition. “Right” describes a condition in which the agency of one is united with the agency of another in accordance with a universal law. In Quiberois legal theory, the state binds everyone to respect the practical conditions required for right to come about. In the modern conception, this means compelling everyone to respect the final enforcement of rights in court, and eliminating social conditions that compromise agency, such as poverty and inclosure.
Quiberon's laws are enforced by a national constabulary, the Quiberon Royal Police (la Connétablie royale du Quiberon). The Quiberon Royal Police also performs the tasks associated with a national coast guard and border patrol.
Quiberon is mostly populated by the Quiberois. The Quiberois speak a language with both Romance and Germanic elements. Beside their common language, the Quiberois share customs, traditions, law, religious beliefs, and a sense of nationhood.
The Quiberois diaspora is spread as far afield as Crataea and Veridis. The traders and explorers who established Quiberon's colonies often married local women, so that pockets of part-Quiberois people can be found as far as Puerto Blanca and Motappaland. In some instances these groups have assumed positions of power, such as the famed blue-eyed knights of the Order of the Frog in Motappaland. In recent years, some of these mixed-race métis have sought residence in Quiberon.
Quiberois people are ethnically and culturally close to the south Fantasians. Many Quiberois traditions were suppressed while Quiberon was part of the United Kingdoms of Fanta, in order to promote the idea that Quiberois and Fantasians were one people. Since independence, the government has promoted a separate Quiberois identity through the Redécouvrons la patrie (Let's Rediscover the Homeland) program. Today, most Quiberois consider themselves to be a separate and distinct people from the Fantasians, but a substantial minority continue to self-identify as Quibero-Fantasian.
Quiberon is an Apostolic Oswinite country. The Bishopric of Evian is the supreme ecclesiastic authority for Apostolics within Quiberon. Since 1912 the Bishopric enjoys no special legal privilege; everyone is guaranteed freedom of conscience and belief, and in any case, very few Oswinites attend church services.
Quiberon has an extensive social security system. Welfare is distributed through the droit à l’intégration publique, known colloquially as the "intégral". The intégral is a guaranteed minimum income scheme that provides graduated cash payments to impovershed citizens. The basic cash payments are supplemented by payments-in-kind for parents, the elderly, and the disabled. A single adult is entitled to a payment equal to approximately 35% of the median monthly income for the past five years. Approximately fifteen percent of Quiberois access the intégral.
The principle behind the intégral is that no private citizen should be dependent on any other for subsistence. Like all government programs, the intégral system was enabled by a decision of the High Court of Quiberon; the Court views poverty relief as part of the state's obligation to uphold the conditions of right.
Children's education is provided by a system of private schools. Poor families are entitled to coupons for education in addition to their ordinary intégral payments, to offset the cost of private education. Children are required to attend school until age 16.
Adult education is provided through a system of grandes écoles (great schools). Children attend a preparatory school for two years, and then matriculate into a grande école at age 18. There are nine grandes écoles, each corresponding to a different profession or area of study. The most prestigious is the École nationale juridique, which trains Quiberon's jurists. Approximately 3-5% of Quiberois attend a grande école. Students may receive a state stipend to attend a grande école, in exchange for a five year guarantee to serve in the civil service upon graduation.
The Gendarmerie comprises the land and land-based air forces of Quiberon. Derived from the Old Quiberic "gens d'armes," meaning men-at-arms, the term Gendarmerie once referred to a class of feudal levies, but now refers generally to the armed forces of Quiberon.