Liberty, Equality, Fraternity or Death
|Anthem: Thousands of enemies may come|
|Government||Notional Common Law polity; military dictatorship de facto|
|•||Defender of the Realm||Kurumi Hamazaki|
The Tairendian Republic (太陽人共和国 Taiyoujin Kyouwakoku), usually referred to as "Tairendia", is an island polity located in southern Arterus. The characters that comprise the Republic’s native name mean “Sun-People’s Republic”, and as a consequence the country is sometimes referred to as the “Land of the Solar Nation”.
Although notionally aligned to the Common Law and consequently a stateless society, the Republic is functionally governed by its armed services, the Committee for National Defense. Under the Constitution of the Year IV, established following the Tairendian Revolution, sovereign authority is vested in the Committee until 'circumstances permit the full establishment of the Law of Providence and Nature for the Yamato race'. The Committee administers the eighty two million populating its claimed territories with a system of Star Chamber-Martials.
A major economic power, the Tairendian economy is characterized by strong export-driven growth of high-technology manufactures and a competitive aerospace industry. Chief exports include radio frequency components, microchips, consumer electronics, information technology, aircraft, chemicals and robotics. Imports are dominated by agricultural goods, with other products such as textiles, construction materials, financial services and light industrial equipment also comprising a significant share of the total.
The official name of the Tairendian Republic, Taiyoujin Kyouwakoku (太陽人共和国), was adopted by Kenneth Hamazaki after consolidating the nationalist control of the island against the God Worshippers.
Its common name, Tairendia, is derived from an earlier appellation of the island group, Dairen (大連), or "Great Sequence," which described the larger outer archipelago of islands in the western sea as opposed to the smaller Shouren (小連, "Little Sequence") islands just offshore of the mainland. In offical Taihei documents the polity is referred to as the "Dairen Area Rogue Provinces" to deny recognition of a separate Yamato polity.
Archaelogical evidence suggests the Tairendian archipelago was first settled in 90,000 BCE. The indigenous peoples were largely displaced and subjugated or destroyed during waves of Yamato invasions from the mainland in the 15th century, ostensibly due to clashes over frequent maritime raids by the native tribes; this traditional narrative is disputed, and some historians have suggested the true impetus was an assertion of imperial power over fishing and transit rights in the Tairendian Sea. Empowered by a mandate from the ruling Ri Dynasty emperors to "destroy the barbarous pirates", the Hamazaki samurai clan was officially ennobled with the hereditary title of Sei-i Taishōgun ("Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Force Against the Barbarians") in 1489 and granted the islands to rule in perpetuity with the privilege of imperial immediacy. In effect, this Yamato domain became autonomous in all but name owing to a mixture of gratitude from the imperial house and a desire by less ambitious rulers to focus on internal improvements and courtly intrigues over the difficult business of territorial expansion.
Left to their own devices, the Hamazaki shoguns in turn began to build up a power base of masterless ronin, sons of powerful clans dispossessed by primogeniture inheritance, and in the absence of imperial censorship diverged dramatically from traditional Yamato cultural institutions. While the emperor remained the subject of fanatical reverence, the samurai caste became the fulcrum of state power, displacing the primacy of the monastic priest-kings. A feudal cult developed around the ideals of "bushido", the way of the warrior, and served as justification for the effective usurpation of influence by the Hamazaki clan and its retainers.
As royal authority waned in the upheavals of the 19th century at the hands of Wallasean merchant adventurers, especially following the cessation of Hirosaki, Shogun Kintaro Hamazaki commissioned the Grand Eastern Embassy on behalf of the Yamato Empire, sending emissaries and retainers to study the advanced technology and society of the Far East. Mechanized agriculture, common shareholding enterprises, and various modern institutions were examined and praised. However, the foreseeable consequences of introducing these reforms to the Empire on the monarchy's most ardent backers - the loss of power and prestige in its caste of vassal priest-kings - led to swift denunciations of the Embassy's findings and a conservative backlash against reformists in the royal courts. Kintaro was ordered to cease his efforts to modernize his realm by the Kinmei Emperor on threat of death; with reluctance, he complied.
Embittered by the experience, veterans of the Grand Eastern Embassy convened in what history remembers as the Oath of the Silver Mountain, where a conclave of samurai and merchant caste representatives vowed to 'liberate the Yellow Race from the Brahmin parasites that have subsisted on the blood of the Invincible Sun's chosen people since time immemorial'. Exiled representatives of the reformists in Commonwealth territories gathered support, arms and advisers from interested parties.
Until the Act of Constitution in the Year IV, all Yamato peoples were categorized into one of four rigid castes - the priests, the samurai, the free peasantry, and the so-called 'undesirables', which constituted a gamut of bonded serfs to artisans and merchants. Although wide currents of discontent with the Empire existed across all strata of the civil population, revolutionary fervor was principally concentrated in the mercantile and military classes. The former had clamored for respect and privileges long denied them by the priest-king daimyos, while the latter's unceasing humiliations by Wallasean adventurers in failed war after failed war led them to reject the 'divine' sovereignty of their masters.
Following the Oath of the Silver Mountain, these factions formed a united front dedicated to ousting the Brahmins - though ominously, the "Alliance for the Progress of Civilization", as this organization came to be known, did not specify the form of society that would be instituted after its immediate goals were achieved. The samurai in general favored a more limited set of reforms aimed at adopting Oriental military and industrial innovations while maintaining the warrior-cult of the Emperor to the greatest extent possible; the merchants wished for the complete destruction of all native institutions and their replacement by the Common Law.
The outbreak of the Black Flag Rebellion saw the Alliance subsumed into its wide-ranging umbrella, and internal tensions between the merchant and samurai factions were kept controlled by the immediate goal of dynastic overthrow. Kintaro ultimately declared against the rebellion he fathered after a period of some months of ambivalence; he was promptly seized by his closest retainers and forced to commit seppuku. Leadership of the clan passed to his younger brother, Taroda Hamazaki, who committed the island shogunate to the revolution. A founding member of the Alliance at the Oath of the Silver Mountain, Taroda's influence ensured that the revolution on Tairendia was narrowly focused on a program of nationalist modernization and redressing long-standing grievances against a corrupt imperial court. Carefully threading the inconsistent and, indeed, mutually incompatible goals of disparate Black Flag society elements, Taroda's rule saw the island assert increasing independence from the mainland in the Ten-thousand Blades of Grass campaign of administrative reforms following the rebellion's victory.
Taroda was assassinated by ninja of the God Worshipper faction in February 1861 as part of Roshi Shitokai's ideological purges of the Black Flag Army, a prelude to a general coup by the God Worshipping monastic orders in the post-revolutionary Yamato Empire. The Hamazaki clan suddenly found itself decapitated, for Taroda did not have any known heirs, and its myriad warrior-vassals were badly demoralized by the loss of their feudal master. The merchants attempted to fill the vacuum of power with lavish funding and support from the Occidental Commonwealth, and courts of the Common Law were established in the Hamazaki desmesne, constituting approximately a full third of the island. The disorganized samurai clans fragmented into cliques of associated warlords pledged to either the Common Law or Shitokai, and half-hearted fighting erupted between the factions in March 1861.
The desultory combat came to a close upon the emergence of Kenneth Hamazaki, an illegitimate son fathered by Taroda during the Grand Eastern Embassy with a Praetannic maid-servant. Told of his Tairendian heritage upon his eighteenth birthday, Kenneth sailed into the Tairendiland Concession at the head of a company of mercenary riflemen. He served as a rallying point for all samurai for the shogunate's lost legacy across the ideological divide, and the heads of all major clans paid homage to his arrival both in cynical hopes of gaining advantage in the power struggle and a genuine desire to shore up the precarious state of the Yamato island. Calling for vengeance against his father's murderers, the young man oversaw a bloody campaign that destroyed organized God Worship in Tairendia, dissolving the monasteries and beheading Shitokai's representatives as "enemies of goodly Providence".
Following the Convention of the Silver Mountain, the Tairendian polity began to form in accordance with Kenneth Hamazaki's "Reservations of the Law of Nature" theory. A convert to Dianarian Providentialism, Hamazaki's analysis of the post-revolutionary situation in Tairendia led him to believe that immediate introduction of the Common Law to the still-undeveloped islands would leave it hopelessly defenseless against a rapacious and threatening Taihei mainland, which he perceived as the demiurge manifest. Heavily influenced by Dumani advisors, Hamazaki argued that the Law and indeed civilization itself could only survive by first achieving industrialization, education, and total militarization of society to prepare the country for an inevitable conflict with the God Worshippers across the narrow gulf. To placate an uneasy mercantile commons, however, Hamazaki made significant concessions by renouncing samurai privileges and indeed refused the crown of shogun, instead styling himself Lord Defender of the Realm and ceremonial head of state. His prestige in the unifying the country was sufficient to force his vassal clans to concede their privileges in turn.
The Act of Constitution in the Year IV reflects the compromises forced by the Tairendian Republic's birth. A brief article, the Act legitimized direct rule by martial law until 'circumstances permit the full establishment of the Law of Providence and Nature for the Yamato race'. In turn, the military and nascent state formed along Dumani principles, underlaid by a provincial form of the Common Law. This is administered by a system of Star Chamber-Martials, which generally effect an extreme-imperialist view of the Law to the extent of heterodoxy.
The Tairendian Republic claims alloidal title to the Tairendian archipelago, and draws broad revenues from land value taxes and resource extraction fees. It is organized as a limited-franchise republic with voting rights restricted to active-duty military members and honorably discharged veterans with at least five years' service. Votes are proportionate to the military rank of the elector (that held at time of separation in the case of civilian electors). It further claims to represent all Yamato peoples, including those under Taihei governance, and revanchist maps produced in the country show the mainland as "Provinces occupied by the Great Enemy of Mankind".
While politicking is officially discouraged by the governing Committee for National Defense, two major cliques in the military establishment are widely acknowledged to exist - the Jiyuuha and Kodoha factions. The former, concentrated in naval commands and tracing its lineage to mercantile interests from the revolutionary period, recognize the judicial supremacy of the broad Commonwealth's Courts of Record, especially the Court of Maritime Settlement. The latter, supported by conservatives in the Dumani-reformed army, perceives its own Star Chamber-Martials as the ultimate arbiter of the Common Law.