Federated Socialist States of Songia
|Motto: "People and State Unite!"|
|Anthem: March of the Valorous Worker|
Location of Songia
|Recognised regional languages||Tzu, Saitian, Lal, Ghyric, Hakaran, Gokhan|
|Ethnic groups (2010)||Ato, Saran, Saitian, Lal, Tzu, Hakaran, Dienhao, Gokha, Osghyr, Tausghyr, Shizhen|
|Government||One Party Autocracy|
|•||Chairman of the Excutive Council||Yuhaan Zhou|
|•||Undersecretary of Direction||Jun Hangzu|
|•||Songian Revolution||September 23rd, 1920|
52,532 sq mi
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
|Time zone||Yianshi Co-ordinated Time|
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||SON|
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Geography
- 5 Environment
- 6 Economy
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture
The land upon which Federated Socialist States stand has held many names over the centuries, and these names show the trace of history through it. It was during the period of the Third Empire that the name Huiguo, meaning Bright Land, came into use. It was manufactured as a propaganda tool to bind the nascent empire together. Give unity to peoples never before united. This name survived throughout the Forth Empire, but fell into disuse following the fall of the Qiang dynasty and the protracted period of warring dynasties.
During this time rival factions occupied territories that once made up Huiguo, and it became common to refer to these states by the name of the dynastic challengers that lead them. This continued when the successor kings were finally beaten by Zhong Dynasty, thus establishing the Fifth Empire. So during the reign of Emperor Kuxiang the Franberrian explorer Javier Colarzo arrived with his fleet at the capital-port of Teijian, he asked the name of the great empire he found himself in and corrupted this name to Song. When he returned to Wallasea this name spread around the Oryontic, and since Songia has been the appellation most commonly associated with this land.
It was still in used by late 19th century when the northern Imperial powers dominated Songian trade. The greatest change came when Sixth Empire of the Feng dynasty was deposed in the socialist revolution at the end of the great war. Stripping symbols of imperial power from the land, the old provinces where reorganized into ethnic republics. The Ato and Saran peoples have long been the most numerous and in a popular revolution they inevitably dominated. The following Federated Socialist States were given the name Ato-Saran. This is the name that is legally used in the FSS, however most foreigners and still refer to it as Songia and the people Songian.
Songia has been inhabited since prehistory. THe earliest settlement is thought to have derived from westward migrations though South Crataea. The earliest sedentary societies coalesced around the fertile basins of the Yonglao, Taoxu and Wulong river systems. Agricultural communities grew into large city states that competed for resources and teritory. In approximately the 4th century BC the ancient city of Xaolin began rapidly expanding its influence with it's neighbours by trade deals and military intimidation. This influence soon solidfied into subservience, and by the end of the century the Xao had been recognized as the overlord of all settlements along the River Shen and thsoe on the Yonglao as far north as modern Na'shang. Later scholars would identify this era as being the First Songian Empire, however it differed signficantly from later incarnations in that there was no Emperor. Rulership was instead held as a non-hereditary position akin to tribal cheiftainship appointed by the city elders, rulers could be and were removed if they did not perform to expectations.
The dominace of Xao would not last forever, during the middle years of the 2nd century BC unrest, thought to result form a string of bad harvests, swept the western rivers. Encouraged by support from the eastern Li Kingdom the city of Wu Lao entered open rebellion, lead by, Hong Di, a former general in the Xao army. Weakened by internal dissent the Xao military crumbled and was unable to prevent Hong from capturing many cities along the Yonglao and then laying seige to Xaolin itself. The city elders, fearing a sack, and recognizing that Hong Di was in a far superior position, responded by executing the current Chief, and offering the position to Hong. The general accepted their offer, but when his army marched inside the open gates, he had the elders brought to him in chains and put to death. Now the only person of authority reamining in former Xao dominion, Hoing declared himself Emperor and son of Xinhu, the hundred armed tiger god that ancient Songians worshipped as the god of war and fatherhood. This began the the Second Songian Empire, which though it only lasted ninty years would leave deep impressions on the Songian cultural psyche.
The Second Empire saw almost constant warfare during it's short existance, with Hong and his descendants spending almost all of their reigns either conquering new territories or putting down revolts. By the early 1st century BC the Hong empire stretched across the entirety of the Inner Songian Sea coast, the Shangzaho peninsula, and north into Shizhen. Hong Di's son Hong Jao moved the capital of the Empire from Xaolin to the newly built city of Hongshao, constructed at great cost in lives and treasure on the southern bank of the Yonglao river. This expansionism put the Hong into frequent conflict with the Eastern Li Kingdom, and it was during the the last of these wars that the Second Empire came to an end. Hong Phu, Hong Di's great grandson had strained the economy of his state to breaking point to build up a truly massive army and invaded Li territory. The invasion initally went well, capturing both Ranmaong and Wai'sing, effectively cutting off the Li capital from their upriver tributaries. However the campaign was soon impeded by constant hit and run attack on the Hiong supply train. Several inconclusive battles leftn the armies of both states near exhausted. Both were then no match for the Atozhu invasion from the south. The Atozhu were a copnfederation of states based around the Fang and Wulong rivers that had slowly coaslesced in the alst hundred years, and suffered sigfnciantly from raids by their northern neighbours. Unlike the Northern kingdoms the Atozhu were expert horsemen and in conflicts amongst themselves had perfected the use of cavalry in battle.
Whilst the Li and Hong faced eacch other down in increasing;ly costly wars, the Atozhu had been peaaceably united under the leadership of King Zhufan Wei. Zhufan argued that whichever of the northern states prevailed, they would soon turn their attention and thirst for conquest south. He beleived that a premptive attack when both sides where at their weakest would be the only way to prevent it from happening. Using unparalleled tactical and strategic manuevrability the Atozhu pennant armies surged North and annhialted the Li and Hong forces in the field. Zhufan lead the combined southern armies to capture both Lixu and Hongshao. With the surrender of both northern states, the Atozhu leaders gathered in Hongshao to debate what should be done with the newly conquered territories. Some advocated that they should elevated to equal mambers of the confedration under leaders picked byu the people, whislt a signficant group instead argued that the former Hong and Li peoples should isntead be put to work to enrich the Atozhu cities as was their right as conquerors. Many looked to Zhufan, as the leader of the campaign, to give his opinion. However before he could do so, Zhufan was murdered by unknown assailants whislt in his quarters. The Atozhu army reacted in anger and soon descended into chaos, looting the city putting its people the sword and fighting between themselves. Order was restored when Wang Renxu, Zhufan's most trusted commander, seized control. With many prominent Atozhu leaders now dead in the fighting, he was able to gain the obediance of nearly the entiore army. Claiming that Zhufan's death was a cowardly Hong plot, he proclaimed that the northern peoples would need to be ruled with a firm hand. Wang crowned himself on the throne of the Hong Emperor as ruler of all under heaven and true tiger blooded descendant of the gods. This began the Third Empire of Songia.
The Third Empire
It is the Third Empire that the Imperial Songian state is truly founded. Whereas the Hong Empire had existed mostly as engine of conquest. The Wang dynasty built up a bureuacracy mostly composed of southern Atozhu people that are placed in positions fo authroyt over the conquered peoples. Concerted efforts are made to try and construct a new common identity for this new state. The combined lands of the Atozhu and Hong as Huiguo, or Bright Land. The writings of the Philospher Maowan Di, a prominent advisor to Emperor Wang Bulan, became foundational to the new imperial state. These teachings emphasized loyality to authority in all areas of life from son to father, father to sovereign, and from the sovereign to the gods.
The Third Empire proves resielient and continues through two changes of Dynasty
The Jade Guard is created.
Preatonian and Flamaguayan legations, Questarian opium smuggling. The Jade Guard is reduced in prominece in favour of the Celestial Guard, relegated guard duties at less prestige posts and the provinces.
The death of Emperor Huanzhi without direct heir leads to a prolonged period of palace intrigue as several factions vyed to install their own candidate to the Jade Throne. Unrest spreads across the empire as the bureaucracy and populace divides into groups defined by their support for various claimants. One such man, Prince Caozhu, vowed to to drive the foreign missionaries and merchant concessions from Songian soil, his supporters began attacking foreigners throughout the Empire, leading to consternation among the great powers. Influence and money was liberally applied to various faction in the bureaucracy that saw the succession eventually resolved in favour of the pro-Wallasean Emperor Duanki. Infuriated by this interference Caozhu's faction rose in armed rebellion, seizing the streets of the capital, and many of it's outlying fortifications. Armed mobs besieged the Imperial Palace, and the foreign concessions.
The Yianshi expedition- Outraged the great powers demanded the Songians take action to put down the unrest, but the Imperial Army was paralyzed by indecision and corruption, and stood by whilst the violence occurred. A joint Praetannic-Flamaguayan expedition was launched to relieve the Yianshi concessions, and ensure Duanki was installed as Emperor. Landing in Tai Lian, the expedition quickly routed the anti-foreigner mobs in the port, and then marched in land. Their progress was blcoked by the Butterfly Fort, a large fortress that guarded the eastern approach to the capital, and one of the few still in Imperial Army hands. The Jade Guard garrison refused to allow the Preatannic-Flamaguayan expedition to pass, and seemed determined to fight to the death if need be. Even when ordered to let the expedition though to the city, and allow them to garrison the fort by Emperor Duanki, the Guard refused. The Expedition then reduced Butterfly Fort with their artillery, and the Guard defenders are annhilated to a man in fierce fighting. The Expedition then sucessfully reached Yianshi and releived the legations. and recieves reperations for the dead merchant, the damage to the legation, and the ammunition expended.
With his supporters decimated, and the Imperial army finally roused to action, Prince Caozhu committed suicide by strangling himself in his own gardens, and Duanki was formally proclaimed Emperor.
However pro-nationalist factions in the government and popualce are galvanised by the Jade Guards's sacrifice at the Butterfly Fort, and start a conspiracy that ends with the Emperor being assasinated and replaced by a more nationalist successor, Caozhu's brother Cao Niao in a sucessful coup. Unlike the influential Caozhu the new empeor was a figurehead for a cabal of palace officals and Military Officers.
The new Emperor's court takes a hard line agaisnt the foreign legations and especially the opium trafficking Questarian merchants . He then starts the Great War by kicking them out and invading Questaria.
The Great War
The Jade Guard is elevated to prefrred status and is greatly expanded for the war. They take the lead in the the invasion of Questria Despite intial advances, the Songians are defeated by Commonwealth forces, and forced to surrender to Northern armies that occupy Lianshi. The victorious foreigners impose harsh terms on Songi, forcing it to disband it's navy and outaw the Jade Guard entirely. Signficant reperations in treasure and land are extracted, and the holdings of foreign corporations are given extra-territorial status and wide ranging exemptions form Songian law.
Continued economic exploitation by Wallasean nations during the early 20th century lead to worsening conditions for the Songian populace. The Imperial elite however is well provided for in bribes by foreign corporations and ignores growing protests. Contact with Wallseans leads to the importation of new shools of political thought that spread rapidly amongst the undeground secret socieites that pervade Songian society. Wallasean social Liberalism and Common Law egalitarianism is syncretised with indigenous Songian philosophy to eventually produce a radical collectivist ideology.
With the defeat in the Great War centralised imperial power is broken, and the regional govenors increasingly operate independantly. Many make their own deals with foreigners for the resources under their control, using the funds to maintain the lifestyles they had become accustomed to. With ingrained cultural loyalty to authority now broken at the highest levels, disbobediance grows. To statisfy the needs of their foreign trade partners the governors resort to ever more brutal methods in the face of non-compliant peasants. Many legations have grown to be colonies in all but name garrisoned with their own military forces, and internal economies. In return The erosion of imperial power and the growing dissatisfaction with foreign interference leads to widespread outbreaks of lawlessness. A botched palace coup by the Celestial Guard leads to the death of both claimants to the Jade throne, ensuing violence leaves the capital of Yianshi burning. A clique of powerful provincial governors use their personal forces and foreign mercanries to seize power in the chaos and proclaim themselves regents to a new child emperor, their actions are sanctioned by the foreign powers at it continues access to Songian markets and resources.
The Jade Guard, shattered during the war, and outlawed by the new foriegn imposed Imperial government, continues operation as a hybrid of an insurgency and a secret society that is pervasive in military circles. The Guard's opposition to foreign influence resolves into a concrete philosophy and they begin waging a campaign of retribution agaisnt the exploitative govenors and landlords. Word of the Guard's activities spread as folks stories of heroic patriots resiting the invaders and providing for the poor and down trodden.
The syncretic socialism of the secret socities reaches the universities and is matured into modern communist thought, these Academic Socialists helped bind the fractured movements into a common ideology and give it legitimate public face. The most signficant of these is the trade unionist Zhu Baodang. The experiance in street justice provided by the secret societies allows dissent amongst the different factions to be quelled. The Jade Guard resists any such efforts to integrate it with the communist movement and continues its own camapign of anti-foreigner violence. The Communists grow in popualrity and are accordingly targeted for increased repression by the govenors.
General strikes in Wu Lao, and Xaolin spread across the country supported by the Songian Socialist Party, conflict with the provincial armies and eventually foreign troops spirals out of control. A general rebellion quickly ensues, revolutionary cadres appear across Songia, seizing control of many cities and large swathes of the countryside. A provisional republic is declared in Kaifeng, but exerts little power, it frequently comes into conflcit with independant communist cadres that have occupied vital infrastructure. Most of the remaining non-alligned provincial governors turn warlord, and the northern Ghyric and Gerani nationalists swiftly declare independence, eager to be free from the Songian yoke.
This quickly leads to armed conflict. Several powerful govenors form an anti-communist alliance, using the Emperor as a puppet. They attempt to form armies via conscription, but have to use force to achieve any sort of success. Their armies are polauged by desertion and mutiny, and have to be heavily stiffened with foreign mercenaries.
Communist forces are well supppied in manpower, but short on training and proper equipment. Despite early successes they are forced to retreat from the major cities and into the interior. Meanwhile the Jade Guard have sued the chaos to bring their forces out into the open nad successfully take over several northern provinces near the Hakaran border.
In 1924 a common front is made with the Jade Guard, who agree to provide proper military training to the revolution in exchange for sole command of military operations. This co-operation proves succesful and and revolution manages to take the coastal city of Wangsho, as well as contest the mouth of the Taoxu river delta. This allows supplies of modern military equipment to be rbought in. The Jade Guard commanded Revolutionary army uses this new firepower to shatter several imperial forces, leading to a wave of defections. A brutal series of both guerilla and conventional campaigns over the next five years lead to the warlords, nationalists and remnant imperial govenors being subjugated. Eventually almost all of the empire's old territory is reclaimed by the newly formed Federated Socialist States
The new state is unstable, fraught with divisions between the puratanical idealism of the academic socialists, the obscurantist and fierecely localist secret societies, and the Jade Guard dominated military. The Songian state is reorganized into a number of ethnic republics under a federal structure. Intnese poltical intriguing and backstabbing eventually results in the secret societies being purged. The new United Communist Party dominates the Federation's Congress and moves to outlaw any other parties. They also attempt to subordiante the military to the political strucutre. However the Jade Guard refuses to submit, and threatens another war if the state attempts to disarm them. After tense negotiation the Jade Guard is confirmed as the only stadning army of the Federated Socialsit states. Hoever the State eventually circumvents this stipualtion by maintaing vast 'volunteer' reservist militias, and a Navy under it's direct control.
Songia goes on to export its revolution over Southern Crataea and forms a system of client states under communist forms of government. Forms the Crataean Friendship and Co-operation Organization, commonly known as the Vorga Accord. With membership of Hakara, Uiri, Sharfland, Namseom, and Mbeyenchi.
-The Dagger War (1943-1949)
An internal conflict within the Federated Socialist States fought with assassinations, purges, and political maneuvering. Originating in the Gzhelkan-Songian split split of the early 30s, the Dagger war was fought between the Internalist and Internationalist factions of the FSS's United Communist Party. The Internationalist Faction of the UCP wanted to contiue the export of the revolution North to the opress native masses of the Questarian Raj, however the Internalist faction stubbornly refused to even consider this. They argued that the Northern powers too strong economically, and military to overcome and direct action agasint Questeria would lead to the revoultion being crushed in it's heartland. The divide quickly grew, and the war of words turned into a vicious shadow conflict as each side vied for power within the bureaucratic structures of the Federation. Only the resolute refusal of the Jade Guard to become involved, prevented the outbreak of actual civil war.
Thousands of party officials were killed, in assassinations or outright purges, in a prolonged episode of mutual bloodletting and institutional chaos . Ultimately the Internationalist faction was annihilated, leaving the Internalists triumphant, and setting the tone for the next seventy years of Songian history.
The Vorga Accord collapses in the early 90s as the Songian economy falters and and the satellite states abandon communism.
Jade Guard Coup
The Military-Feudal state.
Originally an authoritarian single party communist state, the Federated Socialist States enjoyed a period of prosperity and international influence in the mid 20th century. However economic collpase in the 1990's and the loss of the Shangani war to Questers caused the downfall of the party to a coup lead by the Jade Guard, Songia's semi-indpendant military force that had been long time domestic rivals of the party. The Jade Guard was unable to assume total unquestioned control of Songia and in order to avoid a catastrophic civil war, that would be exploited by it's imperialist neighbours, was forced to make a compromise. The Federated Navy and Ministry of Production (who now controlled the Self Defence Forces), both organizations formally loyal to the party, avoided the Jade Guard's purges of senior party figures by assuming a state of armed neutrality in the coup. In the aftermath the Jade Guard grudgingly agreed to share power with them. Present day Songia maintains the Socialist imagery and propaganda of the past, but power lies entirely in the hands of the three independant and rival military industrial complexes. The populace has been reduced to the status of mere serfs in a neo-fuedalist system dominated by the military class. Entire cities are controlled by one faction of the troika or another. Lianshi the capital and major cities like Wu Lao are divided into zones, at their core garrisoned by units of the military factions, peripheral areas are often contested by armed gangs who owe alliegencie to part of the troika.
Law and order
Jade Guard is only legal standing military force, is descended from an Imperial Guard of the former Empire. Almost completely independant from the state.
Jade Guard and State hate each other, actively plot against each other.
The Federated Navy is controlled by the State, therefore hates the Jade Guard.
The State maintains vast reservist militias, organised by ethnic republic, 'Self-Defence Forces'.
Yianshi Federal Capital District
People's Republic of Siangxu
People's Republic Atozhou
Democratic Republic of Geran
Gokhan Socialist Republic
Shizhen People's Republic
Osghyr Democratic Socialist Republic
Tausghyr Socialist Republic
People's Saitian Republic
Democratic Republic of Dietguo
Builds lots of knockoff low quality machinery and consumer goods.
Also many weapons.
Sells on the open market.