|Land of Millions of Years
and largest city
|•||First Vizier||Shenoude Sidom|
|•||Proconsul of Sandirius||Gnaeus Antonius Brutus|
|Legislature||Great Hall of the Sun|
Xa-neder, commonly known by its Dumani exonym Sandirius, is a country of 80 million subjects in southwestern Crataea. It borders the Common Law polity of Axum and the states of Dumanum, Mbeyanchi, Motappaland, and Sharfland.
Xa-nedjer was one of the first great agricultural civilizations. Upper and Lower Nedjer was united by the first pharaoh, Menes, in 3800 BC. The use of regulated irrigation provided by the confluence of the On!o and the Bo!o Rivers created a large population surplus, which could be armed with bronze weapons and sent against the semi-nomadic tribes in its periphery. Xa-nedjer clashed frequently with the Axumites, a hill people near the outlet of the Ongobongo whom ancient Sandirians called Pwenet, or Punt. The migration of the Axumites out of the hilly Begemder to the Ongobongo Delta led to greater cultural exchange and assimilation. Xa-nedjer and Punt were united by the first of the Akhenaten pharaohs, who abolished the old religions and instituted the first monotheistic religion in the world, based around worship of the sun-disk and the pharaoh as the chief servant of the sun-disk. The united Nedjer-Punt empire dispatched many expeditions to subdue Western Crataea, the most successful being the northern expeditions into modern-day Sukaria and Dumanum.
The spread of agriculture and urbanization ended the independence of the ancient Sandirian state. Many of these outlying areas were more productive than Nedjer itself and soon rejected the authority of the imperial center. With the limited technology of the time, the pharaoh could not control his imperial holdings, which disappeared from Sandirian historical record. The final threat came from the Mbeyan hill tribes. Formerly disunited and nomadic, the introduction of metal tools and agriculture led to the rise of a unified polity with the beginnings of urbanization. Mbeyan hosts descended from the highlands into the indefensible river valleys of Xa-nedjer, deposing the last ancient pharaoh, Akhenaten XL. An independent Sandirian state would not return until the Dumani expedition almost two millenia later.
Sandirius is an absolute monarchy ruled by a pharaoh, who is also the religious head of the country. The ruling Amon-Menesid family claims continuous succession as pharaohs and "pharaohs-in-occultation" for the last 4,500 years. The pharaoh, named Akhenaten since 1350 BC, is the center of a cult of personality.
The Sandirian pharaonate is a reliable client state of Dumanum. In exchange for military protection against Mbeyanchi and Axum, Sandirius exports commodities and manual laborers to Dumanum and accepts the presence of a Dumani proconsul that is equal in power to the first vizier.
The Sandirian economy is dominated by state industry and Dumani gigantes.