|Motto: Sebaliknya kebebasan dengan bahaya, daripada perbudakan dengan keselematan!
Rather liberty with jeopardy than slavery with safety!
|Anthem: Perajurit Tanah Air
Questaria the Brave
Geographic-political map of Questers
|Ethnic groups||Praetannic, Indian, Malay, Songian|
|Government||Common law polity (none)|
|•||Leader of the Malayan Federation||Abdul Sulung bin Roslan Mohammed Afiz|
|•||Company of Crataean Freeholders formed||5th September 1802|
|•||Concord of the Races under the Law||May 1st 1851|
|•||Continental Concord||May 1st, 2017|
3,891,275 sq mi
|•||2018 estimate||340 million (est.)|
Expression error: Unexpected ( operator./sq mi
|GDP (nominal)||2015 estimate|
|•||Total||$6,650 billion (est.)|
|•||Per capita||$19,000 (est.)|
|Drives on the||left|
Questers, sometimes called Questaria, Industan, or the Western Commonwealth is a stateless polity in eastern Crataea, with seaboards on the Axackal Sea, the Oryontic Ocean, and the Hanin Sea. Questers borders Dumanum to the west through Yehud, Uiri, Angyika and Hakara to the south-west, and Songia to the south, as well as being geographically proximate to Varnia across the Axackal Strait. With more than 370 million inhabitants, Questers is the 2nd-largest country in the world by population, and spanning 3,891,275-sq mi, is the largest country in the world by area. Questers is a multi-racial, multi-ethnic and multi-religious nation and is also highly diverse by climate.
Like the 'mother country' and colonial parent Praetonia no state entity claims a jurisdiction over the area that makes up Questers, and its own borders are defined by the borders of neighbouring states; Questers has no central government to establish de-jure borders and does not have a constitution. Between 1802 and 2012, the Company of Crataean Freeholders was militarily dominant, but since the Questarian Mutiny, Questers has become politically fractured, with a number of organisations raising miliary forces: the largest amongst them is the Malayan Federation. Questers is united under the common law, and is the most populous common law country in the world.
By its position at the centre of the world, and a crossing point between continents, Questers has played an instrumental role in world history, and by its large population, economy, and armed forces, exerts significant cultural influence. Some consider Questers, as a common law country, to be a a part of one country known as the Commonwealth alongside Praetonia and North Point. A lack of border controls between these countries has historically facilited, and continues to faciliate, compelling cultural, social, and economic integration.
Without a central governing authority, economic estimates are difficult, but Questers' GDP is assumed to be approximately $6,650 billion, making it one of the richest countries in the world by gross domestic product. Questers is significant less developed per capita than most Wallasean countries, a consequence of historic inter-racial strife, war, natural disaster, and other social and religious problems.
More than half of Questarians are Hindus or Sikhs of Indian descent. Malays make up another twenty percent, and the descendents of Wallasean settlers, mostly Christians, make up another ten percent. Other Crataean minorities are prevalent; in recent decades, Questers has absorbed significant refugees from around the world, in large part to its multi-cultural heritage and total lack of border controls. Some countries with strict border controls deport refugees to Questers, especially those who lack documents, and there are significant communities in the country's major cities which have prospered.
- 1 Etymology and identity
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Healthcare
- 7 Education
- 8 Demographics
- 9 Culture
- 10 See also
Etymology and identity
The term Questers comes from the Praetonian name for its original settlers, of whom it said were embarking on a 'quest' to settle the new world. The term Questaria for the country is common in both Praetonia and North Point, and is an adopted identity by whites in Questers, especially those of Praetonian or Cockay descent. Indians tend to prefer the term Industan and my also refer to themselves by their religion ahead of their national identity, such as Hindus or Sikhs. Malay people may typically refer to the area around the Pahang river as Malaya (or Tanah Melayu, Malay Land) and the rest of the country as Industan or Questers.
Since Questers is not a state polity and lacks a core nationalist identity, the words used by people to refer to the country as a whole are largely dependent on their own racial, ethnic, or religious identity. In particular, many people in the Commonwealth do not consider Questers, Praetonia, and North Point as being separate countries, but as being regions of the same country, referring to them as the Western and Eastern Commonwealth respectively, with North Point sometimes being referred to as the Commonwealth Islands and Praetonia even as the Home Islands.
Human settlement of the area in Questers dates back to prehistoric times, with the oldest human fossils discovered in Questers dating to 125,000 years ago. Early civilisation began approximately 7,000 years ago around the Nampata river; varying empires emerged around 2,500 years ago as early Hinduism began to form. Around 800 AD, the Prophet Muhammed formalised Islam in the Yehud, which rapidly began to spread to the coastal Axackal countries. A Dumani invasion in 1155 AD drove the Muslims out of Yehud; the religion spread in Questers amongst mainly Malay people who had emigrated from Songia across the Questarian plain between 1000 BC and 500 AD.
The first Praetonian traders arrived in Questers on the ocean-going ship Gannet in 1579. Between that time and the establishment of the first free ports in the 1650s, Praetonian merchants conducted trans-oceanic trade. High taxes in the coastal ports led these merchants to create a Company, the Company of Questers, later known as the Imperial Company of Questers. The Company pooled the funds of its subscribers to buy land and establish a defensible colony town, Landing. Between 1650 and 1692, the Company created three new settlements; Westhaven, New Haversham, and New Kingston. The area connecting these settlements was first named New Senland in 1689. The settlers sided with Senland during the Praetonian Civil War. These ports became wealthy as they rapidly became centres of trade across the Oryontic ocean. Although the Puritan Congregationalism of the settlers did not stop them from admitting members of native religions into their settlements, it did lead to a severely uncompromising Legalist political situation.
In 1707 the Prince of Mogami, Khatri, attempted to impose taxes on the settlers. The Company's troops, armed and equipped with the latest weaponry from the Praetonian Civil War and bolstered by veterans of that conflict, inflicting a series of decisive defeats on the Prince between June and December 1707, a period of time known as the Glorious Six Months. The Company's land rapidly expanded after the Company's war indemnities took more than 500 square miles of land from the Prince. The Prince was allowed to retain his throne, but was also forced to allow common law courts to operate in his lands. Consequently, after the end of the war, local merchants started trading with the settlers under the common law, which began to spread throughout the whole of northern Questers. The settlers found common ground with Sikh peoples, often persecuted by the Hindu majority. The Sikhs formalised an alliance with the Congregationalist settlers in 1747. When Prince Varma died in 1751, leaving his 11-year old son on the throne, the Praetannic settlers and Sikhs took the opportunity to depose him and end royalist rule in the Mogamiland.
The total area of Questers is 3,891,275 mi² (6,262,400 km²), which makes it one of the largest countries by area in the world. It consists chiefly of the Subcontinent but also a number of smaller islands around it, such as Captain's Island and Southreach Island. It is one of the countries with a coast on the Axackal strait; the other being Varnia. To the west is Dumanum and Songia and to the East and South, the Oryontic ocean.
The north of the country is characterised by a number of large rivers and the Nampataland, a large and fertile plain, mostly covered in rice paddies. The country's borders are defined by the Chirapatra mountain range, which with the Oryontic ocean, creates the country's climate. The south of the country is mainly open plains suitable for growing wheat, and with the Nampataland and the southern plains, Questers exports food to Praetonia and North Point; most of the Commonwealth is fed with rice and wheat from Questers.
Questers straddles the equator and has a variety of geographical features; three major climates dominate the country - the tropical monsoon, tropical rainforest and humid subtropical, although there are others. Average temperature for the entire country over a year is 19c, although in the northern part of the country this rises to 29c. Rainfall is generally common in the North, with monsoons - the South is more dry, with notable climate changes after crossing the Central Plain. Questers is considered megadiverse, containing essentially two large biomes, divided by the Central Questarian plain.
Questers does not have a de-jure government or constitution, and as a stateless polity, Questers does not have one codified or official form of law. However, Praetonian customary law, commonly referred to as Common Law, dominates the country politically, although its application is not uniform. In the Praetonian legal system, ultimate judgment is placed in the hands of an all-powerful God, and the Law prohibits individuals from asserting ownership over others. States and state constitutions are consequently, and inherently, unlawful. There are no taxes levied in Questers and no legislative or executive body to create laws or administer a government. There is no therefore no official politics: groups of individuals may voluntarily band together and use their funds to keep the peace, hire magistrates, bailiffs and constables, or establish armies. This system dominates in not only Questers, but Praetonia and North Point, and can also be found elsewhere in the world.
Political power is invested in a Judiciary, members of which are known typically as magistrates. In Questers, magistrates are usually hired by groups of individuals, typically property owners, who collectively contribute to the costs of maintaining order: contributors are typically referred to as either Yeomen or Burghers and collectively as Yeomen or Burgher associations. Courts are inquisitorial, with Magistrates unable to issue warrants or writs: the purpose of a Magistrate is to provide confidence to law enforcement that their actions are lawful. Magistrates are almost always accredited by a well-respected legal agency, many of which may be multi-national agencies.
In Questers, central co-ordination and organisation of military forces has typically been carried out by a private company, funded by contributions and comprised of subscribers, who are given votes in proportion to their contribution. Historically, the first private company was the Company of Continental Questers (CCQ), which was superseded by the Company of Continental Freeholders (CCF) in 1802. These private organisations funded the Yeomanry and performed other security tasks such as building fortifications. Most of their subscribers were wealthy landowners. In the 19th and 20th centuries, private firms involved in industries like resource extraction, import-export, insurance and financial trading were able to achieve significant influence by their large contributions.
Law and order
Law and order in Questers is enforced by private law enforcement, with varying degrees of responsibility.