Puerto Blanco

From Statesmanship
Jump to: navigation, search
República Federal de Puerto Blanco
Puerto Blanco
Flag Seal of State
Motto: "Aut consilio, aut ense"
(Latin: By counsel, or by the sword)
Location of Puerto Blanco in Veridis
CapitalResistencia
Largest Posanda
Demonym Porteño
Government Presidential Republic
 •  President Agostina Lopetegui
Establishment
 •  Discovery March 1580 
 •  Flamaguayan Colonization April 1632 
 •  Independence 20 August 1955 
Area
 •  187,648 km2
72,451 sq mi
Population
 •  2014 estimate ~14,000,000
GDP (PPP) estimate
 •  Total ~$231 bn.
 •  Per capita ~$16,500
HDI (2016)0.693
medium
Currency Peso Federal (PBP)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the right

Puerto Blanco, officially the Federal Republic of Puerto Blanco (República Federal de Puerto Blanco) is a small independent state in western Veridis, formerly a part of the Flamaguayan Colonial Empire. From west to east, it is bordered by Veraluca, Zanárichípe, and Zavala.

Puerto Blanco is widely regarded as a pariah state, locked in a decades-long internal conflict. Isolated diplomatically, Puerto Blanco has geared the machinery of state as to sustain a permanent level of mobilization. The situation, although still far from peaceful, has stabilized dramatically since the difficult period through the late 1980s and early 1990s. The inhabitants of Puerto Blanco loyal to the state are called Porteños (from the port), and comprise a population unwilling to cede their political and economic control of the country. Puerto Blanco is generally considered to be an authoritarian regime by international observers.


History

Simmering unrest between the pro-autonomy elite of colonial society, the representatives of the central Flamaguayan state, and the increasingly discontent native population established a three-way political and social conflict in the early 1940s. deterioration of the

This leads to a civil war within the colony, which lasts for five years as loyalist troops are gradually pushed out of the country. Porteño forces establish full control over the country on 19 August 1955, with the final Flamaguayan troops evacuating downtown Posanda via helicopter. The following day, 20 August 1955, Puerto Blanco becomes de-facto independence, establishing a local government and calling for elections. Flamaguay never recognises Porteño independence, but nonetheless Puerto Blanco becomes fully independent following the eventual collapse of the Flamaguayan state in 1961.

The nascent government of Puerto Blanco lacked popular support, being able to sustain itself due to the great discrepancy in economic means and in military power concentrated around the former colonial elite.

The Veridian Cocaine Wars added to the general context of consternation, fueling increased instability across the continent and in Puerto Blanco specifically. The rising cost of cocaine, and the increasing amounts of money made from the production and sale of it enabled a notable expansion in income flows for actors who were willing to engage in it. This permitted many guerrilla groups to leverage large amounts of cash, as well enabling many small drug operations to morph into armed powers in their own right. As a whole, the Cocaine Wars heightened the powers of non-state actors in Puerto Blanco, but also enabled the state to acquire some much-needed legitimacy and support, particularly for the import of weaponry, by portraying itself as a stalwart anti-drug actor.

Puerto Blanco's domestic political reforms, and it's neutered activity in the Cocaine Wars aligning itself with the continental consensus permitted its reinsertion into full international activity. Puerto Blanco saw the relaxation of economic and arms embargoes held against it.

Politics

Puerto Blanco is a presidential republic, with three branches of government nominally holding balanced and overlapping capabilities to impact governance. The country is a federal state, with several regions possessing a high degree of autonomy over local affairs. Since independence, Puerto Blanco has been ruled by a coalition government led by the National Workers' and Veterans' Front.

The Superior Court of Cassation serves as the country's ultimate judicial instance, functioning also as the court of last resort for any lesser rulings. The Court of Cassation may not overrule existing law, it may only interpret the facts of a case as they are reflected under current legislation.

The National Council of Sons and Daughters of the Motherland is the supreme legislative entity of the state, composed of a unitary chamber of 505 representatives which are either approved or denied through a popular referendum at the beginning of their 5-year term. The National Council ultimately approves any legislation proposed (the Executive may also submit draft legislation). The National Council, through a vote of over three-quarters of its body, may call for a national referendum to enact constitutional reform.

Apart from those representatives appointed by regional bodies, only citizens may be elected to national parliament. Citizens are the only individuals that have the right to vote representatives to parliament, which is done through a single national-level circumscription.

The Executive is led by the Office of the Presidency, and whoever is President concurrently leads the Council for National Preservation. The President is elected by popular suffrage for a 5-year term from a list of 5 candidates put forward by the outgoing National Council. There are no constitutionally-mandated term limits, but no President has served for more than 3 terms.

Administrative Subdivisions

Puerto Blanco recognises several "Freely Associated Federations" (FLAs, Federaciones de Libre Asociación) which are nominally semi-autonomous sub-national entities within the national territory. Each FLA is nominally granted control over its designated area through a Council, which has the autonomy to legislate on educational, health, and cultural policy. Each FLA also counts with its own police force and the authority to issue internal passport controls. FLA leadership is, as a rule, aligned with the national government. FLA's are permitted to levy their own value added tax (rather than the federal value added tax) in order to fund locally-administered hospitals and schools.

Residents of an FLA are only permitted to vote for their local representation. FLA Residents are also exempt from tax on property. This has resulted in a redirection of savings into property, providing a firm incentive to remain in Puerto Blanco as well as concentration of wealth into a minority of the population which holds a large proportion of land within the FLAs, making agriculture and resource extraction particularly attractive. Operating under this context, there are a small amount of families that have a vested interest in sustaining the current state of affairs within the FLAs, and cooperate with the central government in order to retain their attained privileges.

Government

Government Ministries
Translated name
Official name
Function
Seal of Puerto Blanco.png
  • Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries, and Food
  • Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería, Pesca y Alimentación
  • Manages and oversees regulation and management of agriculture, livestock, fisheries, and foodstuffs
  • Ministry of Communications
  • Ministerio de Comunicaciones
  • Oversees communication infrastructure and regulates the local market
  • Ministry of Worship
  • Ministerio de Culto
  • Oversees religious matters and activities
  • Ministry of Defence
  • Ministerio de Defensa
  • Ministry of Economics, Industry, and Structural Planning
  • Ministerio de Economía, Industria, y Planificación Estructural
  • Regulates the economy, manages state relations with private industry, and establishes long-term economic planning
  • Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology
  • Ministerio de Educación, Ciencia, y Tecnología
  • Manages and regulates the state educational apparatus at all levels, oversees state promotion of science and technology
  • Ministry of the Treasury and Internal Commerce
  • Ministerio de Hacienda y Comercio Interior
  • Manages state finances and internal trade regulations
  • Ministry of Justice and Human Rights
  • Ministerio de Justicia y Derechos Humanos
  • Facilitates the operation of the Judicial branch
  • Ministry of Diplomatic Relations and External Commerce
  • Ministerio de Relaciones Diplomaticas y Comercio Exteriors
  • Conducts foreign affairs of the state and external commerce regulations
  • Ministry of Public Health
  • Ministerio de Salud Pública
  • Oversees internal security and law enforcement
  • Ministry of Work and Social Welfare
  • Ministerio de Trabajo y Previsión Social
  • Manages employment regulations, social welfare, and public healthcare
  • Ministry of Transport
  • Ministerio de Transporte
  • Oversees transport and manages state-owned transport infrastructure
  • Ministry of the Interior and Public Works
  • Ministerio del Interior y Obra Publica
  • Oversees and facilitates the operation of other ministries, state entities, and public works

Legal Status of Persons

Individuals in Puerto Blanco are classified into different political strata based on the consideration of several different points. A base category of residency is granted to all persons whom legally reside in the country, regardless of other citizenship or place of birth. This category is not attached to any right to suffrage. The category of national-born persons provides individuals with the right to vote on local affairs. Full citizenship is granted to all individuals who complete the Ciclo Básico Común (abbreviated as CBC - Basic Common Cycle). The CBC, with a regular estimated completion course of 5 years, is comprised by: a year of "preparation school" finalizing secondary education; one year of universal military training; two years of service in the armed forces; and a final year of "summation school" which finalizes the mandatory educational process as well as functioning as a filtering system for tertiary education. Only those who have finished the CBC, therefore, may attend university. The CBC is typically started at age 17.


Foreign Relations

Not good, really.

Armed Forces

Due to political conflicts with the metropole, much like other Flamaguayan colonial administrations in Veridis, Puerto Blanco always maintained its own parallel forces and command structure separate from the Flamaguayan military itself. This colonial-era force became the foundation of the Porteño military come independence, and it has played an integral part in the political, social, and economic development of the country since then.

The National Self-Defense Forces of Puerto Blanco, as they are formally known, are comprised by the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Gendarmerie.

Geography

A physical map of Puerto Blanco

A lot of jungle

Economics

A small hacienda

As a whole, the Porteño economy is a mixed-market system, with considerable government intervention in order to guarantee economic self-sufficiency. The economic capability to sustain a state able to perpetually engage in constant low-level warfare has marked economic policy decisions since independence.

Puerto Blanco has historically been an agrarian economy, with colonial authorities establishing a system of haciendas, the largest of which counted with thousands of farmhands. Traditional crops are sugar cane, coffee, plantain, cocoa bean, rice, and other assorted fruits and vegetables. Agriculture still forms the backbone of Puerto Blanco's economy, being both the main source of employment and of export goods by volume. This reliance on agricultural prices makes the economy vulnerable to external price shocks.

Rich in natural resources, the extraction of these is impeded by the political instability in the country and the inability of the state to guarantee security over much of its territory. Mining operations are limited outside of the pro-government coastal areas and the inner Tayaná plains region. Oil extraction is likewise constrained to a few operations immediately off the coast.

The industrial sector is led by the production of motor vehicles and agricultural equipment. There are some shipyards with the capability to produce small vessels, primarily for fishing purposes. The state-owned Interés Público de Industria Militar (IPdeIM) manufactures mine-resistant vehicles, mines of different varieties, and munitions for export. As a whole, low wages, particularly with the employment of minority groups in unsafe working environments, result in competitive manufacturing costs at a worldwide level.

There has been a longstanding interest in reducing the income generated by cash crops as a proportion of the economy. Considerable effort and government investment has been dedicated to the diversification of all economic sectors. Manufacturing is seen as a great step forward in this regard, with notable government enthusiasm garnered by the capability to generate foreign hard currency. There have been efforts to develop ecotourism, but these are gravely hampered by the continuing armed conflict, particularly when compared to other Veridian states that offer peaceful alternatives. One area in which Puerto Blanco has emerged as a worldwide leader is prosthesis manufacture, given extensive and long-standing investment in this area due to the large number of casualties who must be treated as amputees.

Economic Structure and Organization

A march of the truck driver's syndicate

The economic structure of Puerto Blanco is politically organized along corporatist lines. The economy of the country is managed collectively, by the state, employers' and employee's corporations. The ultimate aim of this approach is to ensure an economic model that is both self-sufficient and which brings about collaboration between class groups. There is only one labour syndicate permitted per sector, to which all workers must subscribe, and only one sector association, to which all employers must associate. Cooperatives are permitted as long as they draw their members from their respective syndicate. All legal enterprise effectively operates as a closed shop.

The Central Economic Committee is the guarantor and overseer of relations between syndicates and sector associations.

The state is intended to act as an impartial third-party, with the power to establish obligatory arbitration tribunals between any disagreeing parties. Although in general terms the government is quite repressive towards independent labour, the state does permit a certain degree of strike action, occupations, and slowdowns, in order to pressure large businesses when needed. Foreign investments are treated with greater care, as they are permitted to operate within special zones in which the state carries out a much stronger influence on worker syndicates, prohibiting striking or other action. Non-government aligned syndicates are not granted legal recognition and are openly persecuted.

Society

Members of the FREJOP in uniform, c.1970s

Puerto Blanco counts with three voluntary mass youth organizations into which children are sorted according to age. The Little Vanguardists (Pequeños Vanguardistas, LV) from ages 4 to 8, were structured into cadres according to school-year level. The LV focuses on cultural activities and simple team building tasks with a heavy emphasis on sport. From ages 9 to 14 children participate in the Republican Front of Young Pioneers (Frente Republicano de Jóvenes Pioneros, FREJOP) which means to "provide a reliable auxiliary fighting reserve for the Republic". Members undergo basic military training, learn social cooperation skills, and receive political instruction. The final stage is comprised by membership in the Young League of Patriotic Guards (Liga Juvenil de Guardias Patriotas, LJGP) from ages 15 to 25. The LJGP is more akin to a paramilitary organization which runs parallel to the Basic Common Cycle as individuals undergo conscription. Participation in the LJGP establishes secondary cadres distinct from units in the armed forces. The LJGP operates on a geographic basis, with the intent of forming cohesive local groups that may operate independently from any other structure. There is a particular emphasis on survival skills, asymmetric engagement techniques and partisan organization.

Although nominally politically unaffiliated, all organizations are permeated by members of the National Workers' and Veterans' Front, and all three organizations combined operate de-facto as a party youth-wing. While participation is voluntary, those who do not participate are ostracized. Youth who do not belong to the organization are excluded from organized holidays and are unofficially prevented from admission to university or sophisticated employment.

Demographics

Urbanization

The 20 largest Urban areas in Puerto Blanco are as follows:

  1. Posanda:
  2. Colonia de la Sagrada Recuperación:
  3. Resistencia:
  4. Tarulí:
  5. Nueva Zanolla:
  6. General Pico:
  7. Santa Antioñeta:
  8. Colonia de las Palabras:
  9. Colonia de la Palma:
  10. Misión:
  11. Penas de los Fieles:
  12. Yby yaú:
  13. Caleniyaya:
  14. Villa Nueva Merced:
  15. Tiquipaya:
  16. Mizulque:
  17. Villa San Hugo:
  18. Ténerco:
  19. Urupayá:
  20. Horontela:

Ethnic groups

Mixed: Mezambos (Veridian with Flamaguayan), Quapú (Veridian with non-Flamaguayan Wallasean), O'wara (Inner-Veridian with Wallasean)

Veridian: Gualambá, Chianara, Pozalón, Perambá, Aylpensu, Puyetemdos

"Inner"-Veridian: Wa'ra'bu, Shilu, Chí-hu, Juriya, Quelhenea, Birubú

Crataea: Motappan-Veridian (Motapos), Questarian (Tagalug)

Wallasea descent: Flamaguayan (Creole/Criollo), Zegoran (Zegos), Praetannic (Italic text), Prekovar (Prekovares), Embrean (Embros)

Demographic composition of Puerto Blanco, by year
(Source: National Statistical Institute)

Ethnic Group Population (2015) Percentage (2015)
Mixed
(Mulatto - Flm, Quib, Praetannic, Zegoran)
33.7%
Veridian 27.9%
Motappan-Veridian 17.8%
"Inner"-Veridian 9%
Flams (Creole) 7%
Zegoran 225,000 1.7%
Praetannic 1.4%
Prekovar 0.7%
Embrean 0.4%
Questerian-Tagalug 0.4%
Total 100%

Religion

Puerto Blanco was historically settled by conservative Oswinism, which sought to practice their faith unimpeded by the central government, which at the time did not favour strict traditionalist interpretations. Since then, Oswinism has played a central role in the makeup of Porteño society, with almost the entirety of the Flamaguayan-descendant Creole elite being traditionalist Oswinists. However, the majority of the population is not Oswinite, and adheres to other creeds. This is yet another factor that polarizes the ruling minority from the rest of the population. Oswinism is practiced almost by the entirety of the Creole, Zegoran, Quiberonnais, Praetannic-North Pointer, and Embrean ethnic groups. A minority of Mulattos and ethnic Veridians identify as Oswinites, as well as a very small amount of Mottapan-Veridians.

The importance of the Oswinite faith is enshrined in the second article of the National Constitution, "The National Government will sustain the Oswinite faith". The wording of Article II allows other faiths to be practiced in the country, but it does not demand that the state take any action to sustain or protect them. The government openly promotes Oswinism, even if it is not de-jure an official religion.

The single largest congregation is that of (Veridian local religion) (Ethnic Veridian, Mulattos).

There is also a sizable minority of (Mottappan beliefs-> mixed with local religion)

A small minority of Questerian Malays practice (questers religion?)

Health

Prosthetic arms on display

Puerto Blanco also possesses a small, but technologically highly advanced, medical sector in relation to physiotherapy and prosthesis production. The Dr. Téofilio Garacotchea Medical University Hospital on Isla San Marcos is a world-leading institution in the treatment and recuperation of wounded individuals, in no small part due to the large amount of casualties generated by the armed conflicts within the country. Puerto Blanco's advanced status in the treatment of individuals with physical disability means that in this regard it is an internationally recognised center of study.