Poláčekia

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Poláčekská říše
Poláček Empire

Poláčekia
Coat of Arms of the Poláček Empire
Flag Imperial Seal
Motto: "Strong together"
(Poláček: Silné společně)
Anthem: Crown of Saint Vladislav
(Koruna svatého Vladislava)
Territory of the Poláček Empire
CapitalPrvní
Largest Dobryport
Official languages Poláček
Recognised regional languages Western Poláček, Northern Poláček
Ethnic groups Poláks, Čeks
Religion Oswinism
Demonym Poláček, though regional identification is preferred
Government Federal constitutional monarchy
 •  Emperor Věnceslav XII Jestřáb
 •  Premiér
Legislature Rada (lit. Council)
Establishment
 •  Conversion to Oswinism 850 
 •  Empire Proclaimed ~900 
 •  Permanent/Eternal Rada 1610 
Area
 •  1,553,152 km2
599,675 sq mi
Population
 •  2018 estimate 47,475,091
 •  Density 30.57/km2
79.2/sq mi
GDP (nominal) estimate
 •  Total $1,746,323,747,344
 •  Per capita $36,784
Currency Koruna (PCK)
Date format dd-mm-yy
Drives on the right side
Internet TLD .plc

Poláčekia, officially and popularly the Poláček Empire (Poláček: Poláčekská říše), is a nation state on the south-eastern coast of Wallasea. It is composed of 6 electorate-principalities. Poláčekia is bordered by Zegora and Bogatovia to the west, Prekovy to the north, the Leonine Sea to the east, and Saratovia to the South. Poláčekia's mainland territory sits on the Wallasean dorsal mountain range, though it also boasts coastal lowlands and valleys. Its territory also includes a number of islands off its eastern coast though they are mostly uninhabited.

It is divided into 6 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 1,553,152 square kilometres (599,675 sq mi), and has a largely XX climate. With a population of approximately 47.4 million people, Poláčekia is the Xth most populous member state of Wallasea. The capital and largest metropolis is První. Other major cities include Dobryport, Flußstadt, Karlovo, Tiranești, and Stary zamek.

The Empire is home to the Poláks and the Čeks, two Slavic peoples; the former are considered to be the region's 'original' inhabitants while the latter migrated to and settled the region at a later point. Together they conform about 90% of the country's total population. Both groups share close cultural ties to their Slavic neighbors, though this is more notable in the case of the Čeks and the Prekovars. The overwhelming majority of them are observant of the Apostolic Oswinite faith, though there are also large numbers of Karlovists and Reformed churches. According to Poláčekia's foundational myth, Oswinism was adopted as its religion in 850 when its foremost King, St. Vladislav, and his tribe converted to the new faith after witnessing a miracle.

Poláčekia doesn't possess a single, written constitution. However, the civil liberties and rights of its subjects are protected and upheld by a tradition of legal precedents and legislative statutes common to the Nation, that limit the authority of the governments. The country is governed by a bicameral legislature with an elected lower house composed of commoners and a hereditary upper house composed of landed nobles who hold royal titles to their respective counties. There also exists a third chamber known as the 'Electoral Chamber', whose sole function is to convene upon the death of the reigning monarch and to elect the successor. The Premiér is the chief governing minister appointed by the monarch, and is chosen from the majority party in power in the lower house of government.

Poláčekia has an estimated nominal GDP totaling $1.76 trillion. The country has a highly developed economy, with a mainly urban population, that leans heavily on the cultural, agricultural, and high-tech manufacturing sectors. It is estimated that Poláčekia is one of the world's largest net exporters of literature, films, and TV programming. The Empire is a developed country, which maintains a high-income economy along with very high standards of living, life quality, safety, education, and economic freedom. Alongside a developed school educational system, the state also provides free university education, social security, and a universal health care system

History

Slavic tribes and the Knyaz

The first historical records of the peoples who would later be known as the Poláks start appearing in the 5th to 6th centuries, when the confederated Slavic tribes of what is now Poláčekia began to drift apart and coalesce around groups of warriors and warlords, installing the latter as Petty-Kings of small fiefs. While many of these monarchs claimed vast swathes of territory as their personal lands in practice they were limited by the number of their followers that they could mobilize in case of armed conflict, the necessity of procuring foodstuffs, and the strict social control imposed upon them by their shared religious roots.

The various roving warbands often switched allegiance, pledging their service to whoever could pay them best (or more regularly) or offer them the best chances to obtain loot and glory in battle. This meant that political control was always tenuous at best and often unsure for the head bearing the crown. To counteract this, some of the warlords began tying their hosts to themselves by bonds of personal loyalty, as expressed through unbreakable oaths performed before the Gods. This served to cement their position of privilege over the rest of their tribesmen, but the high costs associated with maintaining a permanent personal retinue meant that these "družina" tended to be small (though better equipped and trained than the more numerous warbands); this in turn further limited the influence they could exercise over their territory.

Nonetheless, every so often a warlord would emerge that could, usually through a mix of personal charisma and military force, temporarily subdue, coopt or unite his neighbours into a larger, more powerful territorial unit. Such a man would often take the title of "Knyaz of the Poláks" (lit. Prince/Duke of the Poláks), a title that had little to do with their effective control over the lands under their rule. It was not uncommon for such rule to have to be maintained by constant armed conflict, as each "vassal" who saw the opportunity to seize power or escape the grasp of his lord would more often than not rebel. It was incredibly rare for the title to survive the death of its holder, even when the heir was of age, and specially so if they lacked their predecessor's capacity to obtain and maintain a circle of personal loyalties.

Medieval miniature showing the baptism of St. Vladislav's wife, Karina
The late 7th and 8th centuries saw the arrival of the Čeks, another group of slavs that had split from the Prekovars in the Sázava Marshes, and with whom they shared a language, culture, and religious denomination (their cult was much like the Poláks, though often rites differed on minimal points such as the names of the Gods). While there is no known reason for the Čeks to have left their ancestral homelands, it is commonly believed that it was related to overpopulation and conflict over the available fertile land. The Čeks did not, at first, heavily outnumber the Poláks, but the nature of their migration meant that they were under a more-or-less centralized command; as such they were easily able to overpower and conquer the divided Polák petty-kingdoms in the valleys and plains of Poláčekia. However their efforts to conquer the mountains would prove infructuous, as the unforgiving terrain and warlike nature of the mountain tribes rebuffed all attempts to overcome them.

By the early 9th century the situation had stabilized, with the Čeks benefiting from in-mixing with the local Polák population as well as the reception of further groups of migrants, a development that allowed them to extend their reach further south and west, up to what is now Saratovia. By then they had settled into a system similar to that of the Poláks, where nobles (whose titles had begun to become hereditary) set up small, independent polities and squabbled amongst themselves.

According to Poláčekia's foundational myth one of such nobles, Vladislav (later canonized as St. Vladislav) was the "King" of a small tribe in the northern Poláček mountains (today the Margraviate of the Ulanii) when he was supposedly visited by Oswin himself. Oswin preached to Vladislav and his tribe, winning them over by performing a miracle that so astounded the people that they all converted to the new faith; afterwards Oswin tasked Vladislav with uniting Poláčekia, and later Wallasea, into a single Kingdom to prosper and thrive under the Laws of God.

Early Medieval Empire

After his conversion, Vladislav and his tribe launched a series of campaigns against his neighbouring kingdoms. While incensed by their belief that they were carrying out God's will, Vladislav's conquests were not, however, wars of religion or particularly driven by a command to spread the faith; those who chose to stay true to their old cults were allowed to do so and there were no generalized attempts to force Oswinism unto the conquered peoples; nonetheless many did convert, seeing his successes as proof of his claim that God was with them. King Vladislav proved to be an apt strategist and an even better diplomat, winning a number of key battles that positioned him to negotiate peaceful submissions by those nobles who were not outright hostile against him.

By 855, Vladislav had managed to subjugate or incorporate most if not all of the realms immediately close to his, and thus had himself crowned Knyaz in late 856. Nonetheless, he had learned from the failures of previous monarchs and spent the next several years consolidating and reorganizing his domains. Loyal families were rewarded with important holdings and his major vassals were tied to him by the most severe oaths known to man; in turn the nobles obtained the fealty of their inferiors and so on and so forth. Under his rule the tribes grew and prospered.

His next round of conquests began in the early 860s, as he finally launched a campaign into the Ček-controlled lowlands. Much like in the home mountains, the unity of his forces and the superiority of his command allowed him to either conquer or assimilate his rivals with increasing tempo, as each addition to his domains further increased his power. Vladislav was also capable of performing a delicate balancing act with the loyalty of his men, as many of the ethnic-Polák nobles resented the fact that their Ček rivals had been allowed to keep (in some cases increase) their holdings and the latter had qualms about serving with or under "mountain barbarians".

As a compromise Vladislav changed the location of his capital, moving it from the northern mountains to the site of První, a location that straddled the borders between his two peoples and was also, quite significantly, a very important and holy place to the Slavic pagans that still remained. On this place, Vladislav decreed, all past, present, and future Kings would reside, and from thence would flow the word of God and his Law. To commemorate the event he ordered the construction of Poláčekia's first cathedral and had himself crowned Knyaz of the Čeks, assuming the mantle of a dual king.

Vladislav, who had already begun to be referred to as "the Blessed", passed away in 868 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Borek Vladislava. Records claim his body performed several miracles after his death and he soon began to be worshipped as a holy man, this was factored into his canonization as Poláčekia's first "national" saint later in the year 900. For his part, Borek had a complicated road ahead of him; his father's efforts to unify the Poláks and the Čeks had been somewhat successful but there was still much enmity between them. Furthermore his borders were not yet secure and many of the still independent nobles had started to sign compacts and alliances promising each other mutual aid in case of external attacks.

Borek spent the first years of his reign travelling around his lands, settling disputes, and obtaining oaths of fealty from those nobles that had not shown up to his coronation. He also instituted several reforms in the way justice was carried out, introducing a system of royal judges to whom everyone could appeal (including the commoners) and who were supposed to take local customs and social mores into account; in this way he helped smooth out one of the most salient point of his father's conquest and one which had had the Čeks bristling with discontent. Furthermore, he founded several towns and cities under "royal charters", inviting his subjects, regardless of religion or origin to settle there.

Coronation ceremony of Zikmund I, artist's depiction c. 1861
Much like his predecessor, Borek proved to be an able military commander, and his pushes into the outlying petty kingdoms were met with great success, further expanding the royal lands. Over the next thirty years the new Knyaz would extend the borders of his domain in a way that dwarfed even those of his own late father. This enlargement would be tempered by conciliatory politics meant to win over the favour of the nobles and commoners alike, utilizing the Oswinist church as a tool to create a common bond between the two Slavic peoples.

By the time of his death in 898, the Kingdom of the Poláks and the Čeks had grown from just a collection of townships and fortified castles into a more-or-less united polity with a common religion, body of laws, and customs, giving it a clear advantage of power over the surrounding "nations" such as the Prekovar city states to the north or the Rostovan sar to the south. For this Borek was to be known as "the Unifier". His successor would be, in Polák fashion, his eldest son: Zikmund.

Zikmund had ridden with his father in many of his latter campaigns, and shared with him the eagerness to empower and develop his Kingdom. A devout Oswinist, Zikmund was the first Knyaz to declare his faith as the official, and only, religion. He cemented this policy by having himself crowned Emperor of of the Poláks and the Čeks (or Poláčekia, for short) in a grand ceremony on the year 900, the 50th anniversary of his grandfather Vladislav's conversion. It was also during this ceremony that his illustrious ancestor was officially canonized, the Patriarch of První having travelled to and obtained consensus with the Patriarch of Ostrava, and made into the Patron Saint of the newly-created Poláček Empire.

Late Medieval Empire

Modern era and decline

Reform and the Great War

Contemporary

Politics

Law

Government

Government Ministries
Translated name
Official name
Function
Pola COA.png
  • Ministry of the Empire
  • Ministerstvo říše
  • Manages and oversees relations between the Electoral-Principalities, the central Imperial government, and other agencies.
  • Ministry of Health
  • Ministerstvo zdravotnictví
  • Manages and oversees the national public healthcare system and its derived institutions.
  • Ministry of Defense of the Empire
  • Ministerstvo obrany říše
  • Oversees the Poláček Armed Forces.
  • Imperial Chancellery
  • Imperiální kancléřství
  • Conducts foreign affairs of the state.
  • Ministry of Education and Culture
  • Ministerstvo školství a kultury
  • Oversees the national curricula, certification of diplomas and courses, educational policy, etc.
  • Ministry of Arts and Industries
  • Ministerstvo průmyslu a obchodu
  • Misleading name, this Ministry actually oversees scientific and technical development.
  • Imperial Church
  • Imperiální Církev
  • The Imperial Church is the official state Church of the Empire, it is headed by the Patriarch of Poláčekia. Though autonomous, the Patriarch is considered a direct vassal of the Emperor.
  • Ministry of Security
  • Ministerstvo bezpečnosti
  • It includes local police, traffic police, immigration police, security police (including border police), and other armed police units.
  • Ministry of Justice
  • Ministerstvo spravedlnosti
  • In charge of the administration of justice.
  • Imperial Treasury
  • Imperiální pokladnice
  • Manages public finances
  • Ministry
  • Ministerio
  • Manages
  • Ministry
  • Ministerio
  • Oversees
  • Ministry
  • Ministerio
  • Oversees

Constituent states

The Poláček Empire comprises six Electoral-Principalities, colloquially known as "regions". Each region is largely autonomous in regard to its internal organisation, though they all share the common trait of being subdivided into smaller kruhem (military circle, they also double as electoral districts) for the purposes of organizing and administrating the National Service. There used to be "Free Cities" (also known as Imperial Cities) that operated under special charters granted to them by the Emperor but these were abolished after the reform of 1840.

Arms Province Ruling House Official religion Postal abbreviation Capital
Largest
city
Population Area (km2) Seats
Land Lower Chamber Upper Chamber
[[File:|30px]] EasternDuchyFlag.png Východní Vévodství Jestřáb Apostolic VV
První
11,868,772 X 20 X
[[File:|30px]] MargraviateFlag.png Margrabia z Ulanii Ulan Apostolic MU
Zamek Orła
Dobryport
5,798,007 X 20 X
[[File:|30px]] PfalzderFlüsse.png Palatinát Středníka von Lakritze Reformed PS
Flußstadt
7,121,263 X 20 X
[[File:|30px]] KarlovistPrincFlag.png Vévodství Přistávalptáku TBD Karlovist VP
Karlovo
7,020,270 X 20 X
[[File:|30px]] [[File:|23px]] Księstwo Kopalniezłota TBD Apostolic KK
Stary zamek (nad złotym jeziorem)
6,171,761 X 20 X
[[File:|30px]] Flag of the Black Army of Hungary.svg Okres Vojákia TBD Apostolic OV
Tiranești
9,495,018 X 20 X
Total 47,475,091 1,553,152 120 X

Foreign Relations

Imperial foreign policy is predicated on two major doctrinal points: firstly, that the Empire was founded on the basis of an "universal monarchy" over the Wallasean continent as mandated by Oswin himself at the time of the conversion of Saint Vladislav. The second, and perhaps more influential article is based entirely on objective facts, that the Empire does not have the economic or military power to enforce imperial designs and that, in any case, these are always resisted; given this analysis, the best way to achieve Imperial goals is through the conversion of Poláčekia into a "shining beacon" of liberty, justice, and culture that will "win over" the peoples of the world (in essence, the recognition of the superiority of soft power).

An expression of these objectives can be seen in the Empire's emphasis on peaceful diplomatic relations and the proliferation of programs that promote Poláček culture and its "way of life" (described as peaceful, harmonious, and just) overseas, its eagerness to serve as the base or host for NGOs and international organizations, and a moral-based approach to international events that has been, sometimes, criticized as being too idealistic and naive. This tendency towards fomenting internal peace coupled with the directives of their foreign policy means the Empire is an enthusiastic contributor to peace-keeping and peace-building operations throughout the world, though for obvious reasons most efforts and the majority of the expenditures are concentrated in the Crataean continent.

Although high-minded, these policies have been tempered by the necessity of the Empire to maintain its sovereignty and territory in the face of external aggression, mainly from Prekovy. As such, it has sought and obtained close relations with its neighbouring South Wallasean nations (mainly Saratovia and Flamaguay) as can be seen through its participation in organizations like the CNF and a series of bilateral and multilateral treaties. Poláčekia also possesses exemplary relations and historical ties with its largest neighbour (by land border), the Kingdom of Zegora and Bogatovia: the border areas between both countries are extremely porous, allowing for increased cultural and economic exchanges between the two nations; the Empire has also attempted to act as a mediator between it and the Flamaguayan Confederation over its territorial conflicts, though with less tangible success than Saratovia.

On the other side of the continent, the Embrean Directorate is considered to be a fault of the post-War political rearrangement, albeit a tolerable one for reasons of realpolitik: Embrea represents a necessary buffer and arguably useful ally against the looming threat of Prekovy. Relations with Cockaygne remain rocky, although they have improved steadily over the years: the two countries cooperate in the fields of agricultural and enviromental conservation and technology: this work is carried out by the Waste Administration, Research, and Development bureau, which publishes a report with its findings every semester (popularly known as the Green Book).

Contact between the Estates-General (referred to simply as Praetonia) and the Empire have remained sparse and mostly dictated by the mutual threat represented by the Republic of Prekovy, neither expects the other to jump at its defence but they both act as a balance by keeping Prekovy distracted on two different cardinal points. The diametrically opposing world-views espoused by each of the two countries has, however, bred a sort of mutual distaste that tinges all exchanges between the Empire and the Estates.

The Republic of Prekovy's position regarding its relations with the Empire has shifted notably since the Middle Ages, when a number of its nobles and notables swore allegiance to the Poláček Emperor to its rise to power and subsequent Golden Age in the 16th and 17h centuries. Prekovy would come to hold the Empire as a kind of client state, mostly due to cultural and racial ties, though relations eventually deteriorated to the point where the Republic invaded and annexed part of the Empire. After the end of the Great War, the Poláček political establishment called for the partition of Prekovy as a way to ensure lasting continental peace, nonetheless these demands were rebuffed by the other members of the Acordo Valacío.

Prekovy's reconstruction and rearmament was sub-estimated until the Minu War, an event that triggered a crisis in Southern Wallasean political circles and lead directly to the revival of the idea of CNF as an organization that should follow the principle of collective defence. With Prekovy publicly proclaiming the ideals of pan-slavic unity and revanchism over the Great War, it comes as no surprise that it is considered the one and major threat to the continued existence of the Empire as an independent political entity; naturally, relations between the two countries, although historically stable, have been punctuated by bursts of sabre-rattling followed by periods of cool-down.

Outside of Wallasea, the Empire maintains cordial relations with most of the nations that formed part of the Flamaguayan colonial empire. It cooperates closely with Arriyiñatos and Zavala, which it regards as examples to be followed by other ex-colonial countries such as those in Crataea. Relations with Arterus are likewise stable, with Fantasian-descended nobility ruling the Palatinate, and the Imperial Army having been the receptor of the post-revolutionary Varnian missions that helped shape it into a modern force; the only exception is the Wolohannic Combine, considered by many in Poláčekia to be a destabilizing force, specially due to its troubled relationship and past conflicts with Regenmark, and its continuous attempts to export the revolutionary Pantheonist ideology it upholds.

Hanseom is considered to be the most tolerable of the nation-states in Crataea and recognized as a stabilizing force in the region. Poláček and Hanin forces cooperated during the opening stages of the Hanseom Reunification War, with the Empire becoming involved as a result of the downing of Hanair Flight 215. Sukaria, Questers, and Dumanum are popular destinations for NGOs and humanitarian missions, when allowed, though politically frowned upon due to their human rights violations and abuses; in the Res Publica's case these are often found to be at odds, and not as publicized, due to their strategic alliance and close cooperation with Saratovia.

The Taihei Tengoku is a significant trading partner, importing military and civil technology from several Wallasean nations (most notably, and worryingly, Flamaguay). However, and despite these profitable economic exchanges, the Empire has expressed concerns that the Taihei will soon become a major threat to world peace (as seen during the Lunar War and the more recent 2019 Taihei-Questarian War) in spite of the fact that it is currently contained on its home isles by Dumanum, Hanseom, and the Commonwealth.

On an overall basis, Poláčekia maintains diplomatic relations with all states and major military associations, usually upholding the principle of reciprocity as far as diplomatic personnel is concerned, though this will be waived or overlooked is if its in pursuit of national interests (eg. Cockaygne).

The Poláček Empire is a founding member of the Comprehensive Negotiating Framework for Southern Wallasea, the headquarters of the International Red Palm Movement, and a signatory of the První Declaration of 18XX, the Funes Conventions, and the Biological Weapons Convention.

Military

The Armed Forces of the Poláček Empire are the military and paramilitary forces of the Poláček state, whose Commander in Chief is the Emperor. They are composed by the Imperial and National Army (Imperiální a Národní Armáda), the Imperial Poláček Navy (Imperiální poláčekské námořnictvo), and the Imperial Flying Corps (Imperiální Létající Sbor). The armed forces of Poláčekia are well armed and funded, with high standards of training and service to match.

The armed forces count with approximately 280,000 military personnel, and around 600,000 in the Reserve (known as the Guard). It enforces universal conscription, with all able adults of 18 years of age serving a two year term in the active forces, followed by enrolment on the Guard. Individuals may claim the right to conscientious objection, in which case they are made to serve in the civilian service, usually in social services, such as reconstructing cultural sites, helping the elderly and other activities removed from military connotations. They are placed in a civilian reserve upon completing of their duties and may be mobilized in cases of national need or emergency.

Rada pro Vojenské Akvizice a Rozvoj (Council of Military Acquisitions and Development).

Economy

Books are very important yo, lots of publishing houses and stuff. Also art, and music, and movies, and farms and stuff.

Culture and Society

Throughout most of its history, Poláček society and social order was built around three equally important axes, whose significance nonetheless varied with time and political developments. These were, in no particular order: the oaths of feudal fealty, which tied commoners to their lords and the lords themselves to the Emperor; religion, the common thread that united the disparate peoples of the Empire into a single corpus; and later on the guilds, professional associations that came to represent one of the most important actors in the early modern and modern eras.

For a Poláček subject, these three elements formed the core of his life. They were the institutions through which he joined and participated in society, and they were also the ones through which he expressed himself as a member of said society. There were, of course, variations in the form these institutions may take; one could be a subject of a particular landed lord, to name one example, but a "free citizen" of an imperial city owed the city and its council the same amount of reverence and loyalty that would be expected of a common peasant.

In the same way, at least after the Suffering, one could be part of an Apostolic, or a Reformed or a Karlovist church; the denomination didn't matter as much as being part of A church since attendance and the observation of the precepts taught by Oswin were believed to be integral to achieving salvation of one's soul. The soul, being eternal, took precedence over the material body and no man who didn't look after his spiritual well-being could be trusted by his neighbours or expected to be a contributing member of society.

In contrast with the previous two, membership within a guild was not a voluntary matter. A man could want to be part of a guild but that did not mean he would achieve this. The Guilds were associations of merchants and tradesmen, operating under letters patent granted by the Imperial or regional governments. In practice, this meant that Guilds created and enforced monopolies of trades and goods, making membership a very coveted privilege; a man who could join a Guild as a member would be set for life, and so would his family for generations to come. Since the standards to join were strict and efficiently enforced, being part of a Guild came to be seen as a sign of respectability and inherent trustworthiness.

The Nobility

The Church

Guilds and Societies

Demographics

Age Structure

0–14 years: 15.2%

15–64 years: 65.7%

65 years and over: 19.1%

Ethnic groups

Ethnic Groups in Poláčekia as of 2019.

  Čeks (62%)
  Poláks (26%)
  Saratovs (2.84%)
  Prekovars (2.1%)
  Mozalvians (1.73%)
  Embreans and Flamaguayans (1.68%)
  Zegorans (1.05%)
  Other (2.6%)

The majority of the 47,475,091 inhabitants of Poláčekia are ethnically and linguistically Čeks (62%) with the Poláks as the first minority (26%). They are descendants of Slavic people who resided in the Sázava Marshes who settled in Poláčekia, Prekovy, Zegora, and Saratovia during the 6th to 8th centuries AD. Other major ethnic groups include Mozalvians, Embreans, Magyars, and Flamaguayans. Historical minorities like the Saratovs and the Prekovars are declining due to assimilation into the mainstream population, something that is encouraged by Poláček authorities.

There are different groups of national and ethnic minorities in Poláčekia. The so-called "old minorities" live mostly in specific areas (e.g. Mozalvians in the NAME region, Prekovars in the Ivanovo region) while the "new minorities", often foreigners to Wallasea proper, are scattered among the majority population (generally in the larger towns) or form expatriate enclaves. In general, Poláček society is welcoming of immigrants as long as they accept and adapt to local practices and customs. The Poláček government requires all those wishing to obtain permanent residence or citizenship to pass an intermediate-level course on Poláček in no more than 2 years from the date of application; classes are offered for free and with flexible schedules in most municipalities.

Languages

Poláček is the official and predominant spoken language in the Empire. It's a slavic language and is closely related to and classified alongside Prekovar, Saratov, and Zegoran. Minorities of words are derived from Embrean and Flamaguayan.

Poláček dialects, traditional local varieties traced back to the Slavic tribes, are distinguished from varieties of standard Poláček by their lexicon, phonology, and syntax. Of these, two (Western Poláček, Northern Poláček) are officially recognized and supported by the Imperial and regional governments.

Recognised minority languages in Poláčekia are Saratov, Mozalvian, Olyar, Prekovar, Zegoran, Embrean, Flamaguayan, Minua, and to a lesser degree, Sennish. These are also the most used immigrant languages. Poláčeks are typically multilingual, learning at least one foreign language during their formal education: 70% claim to be able to communicate in at least one foreign language and more than 40% in at least two.

Health

Education

Religion

Apostolic Oswinism
  
57.7%
Reformed Oswinism
  
12.99%
Karlovist movement
  
9.82%
Non-religious
  
8.5%
Slavonic Oswinism
  
5.81%
Other
  
5.18%
Religion in Poláčekia as of 2019

The Empire is nominally a confessional state, whose official state church is the Imperial Church (Poláček language: Imperiální Církev). In practise the Poláček state has been highly secular since the Great Reform of 1840 and the rights of all inhabitants, regardless of citizenship status, to practise their particular beliefs are protected as an inherent and inalienable human right. The roots of Poláčekia's brand of secularism can be traced all the way back to the Toleration Edict of 1592 and the Bull of Eternal Religious Peace of 1610, which established the principles of freedom of worship and conscience that still stand to this day. Although citizens are encouraged to participate in religious services, long considered an important foundation of both Poláček society and culture, this is not a requirement for public service or employment of any kind.

The Imperial Church

The Imperial Church is the official church of the Empire as per the 1730 Treaty of Karlovo. Denominationally Apostolic, the Imperial Church is maintained by a mix of government funding and from taxes and profits from the church's own lands (some of them given as a gift by previous, pious Emperor's, on loan, or sold to the Church) though in this case the Bishop is treated as any other Secular Lord.

Karlovism

The Karlovist movement takes its name from the city of Karlovo, where it first appeared during the early 15th century. The Karlovists believe that Oswin returned to Earth specifically to minister to them in the form of an itinerant priest so as to correct the errors and mistakes that had been made over the years by the different denominational churches, such as the concentration of wealth and land, paving the way for a return to an earlier, 'purer' form of worship.

These beliefs were promulgated in the famous "Program of Karlovo", which clamoured (among other things) for the freedom to preach the Word of Oswin, legal equality between Men and Women, the expropriation of Church property, full participation of the congregation in the celebration of the Holy Ceremonies, and the election of priests by their own parishioners.

At first the movement was persecuted by the Imperial government which, according to Church doctrine, considered the Karlovists to be heretics. The Great Defence of Karlovo in 1426 prompted the Karlovist faithful to federate and form an united front against the Imperial army, which launched a total of three crusades against them in the years 1428, 1432, and 1436. The failure of these three expeditions marked the end of all and any government attempts to subdue the Karlovists, leading instead to negotiation and the 1438 Peace of Karlovo, which granted the movement full religious recognition and rights.

Although the number of adherents would wane after the Reformation Wars in the 16th century, the Karlovist movement would remain as the State Religion of the Duchy of Přistávalpták and survives to this day as one of the major, and most devoted, religious groups in Poláčekia. It has also been credited as a driving force behind Poláčekian liberalism.

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