|Unified Republic of Hanseom
|Motto: "나라제일!" (Nara Jeyil!)
Location of Hanseom within Crataea
|Capital||Taeil Special City|
|Largest||Gyeho Metro. City|
|Government||Unitary Benevolent State|
|•||Benevolent||하태진 (Ha Taejin)|
|•||Chief State Counselor||조미리 (Jo Miri)|
|•||Right State Counselor||김제혁 (Kim Jaehyeok)|
|•||Left State Counselor||백진숙 (Baek Jinsook)|
|•||Chairman of the Upper Assembly||박정원 (Park Jeongwon)|
|•||Chairwoman of the Lower Assembly||조은현 (Cho Eunhyeon)|
|•||Upper house||상원 (Sangwon)
|•||Lower house||하원 (Hawon)
|•||High Hanseom Kingdom||18 March 130 CE|
|•||Second Kingdom||950 CE|
|•||Seongham Empire||March 1530|
|•||Beginning of Hanseom Civil War||4 April 1955|
|•||Republic Establishment Day||18 March 1957|
|•||Reconciliation Day||15 December 2016|
|•||307,962 km2 (?)
191,359 sq mi
|•||2019 estimate||180,366,215 (?)|
|GDP (PPP)||2019 estimate|
|•||Per capita||$24,183 (?)|
|GDP (nominal)||2019 estimate|
|•||Per capita||$16,678 (?)|
|Gini (2014)|| 56.2
high · ?
high · ?
|Currency||Hanseom Don (HSD) (D)|
|Drives on the||right|
|Calling code||+41 (+405 in former Namseom until 31 December 2019)|
|Internet TLD||.hs (legacy Namseom sites retain .ns)|
The Unified Republic of Hanseom (Hanseom Yeonhabgonghwaguk, 한섬연합공화국), commonly referred to as the Republic of Hanseom (Hanseom Gonghwaguk, 한섬공화국), is a relatively prosperous island nation within the Hanin Sea. Divided from 1955 through 2016, Hanseom shares no land borders with any nation but shares a sea border with Taihei Tengoku to the west and Songia to the north. Questers lies further to the north, while across the Hanin Sea to the east lies Verdis.
Harboring a deep-seated distrust of their Taihei neighbors, the traditionally isolationist Hanin people established relations with the outside world to form mutually-beneficial agreements with other Crataean states to limit Taihei power. A homogeneous culture, over 95 per cent of all Hanseom citizens are Hanin while the remaining five per cent are largely Songian (4.3 per cent) and Yamato (0.3 per cent).
- 1 History
- 1.1 Prehistoric and Ancient Hanseom
- 1.2 High Hanseom Kingdom (130 CE)
- 1.3 Second Kingdom
- 1.4 Seongham Empire
- 1.5 Hanseom Civil War (1955-1959)
- 1.6 Republic of Hanseom
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Politics
- 5 National Budget
- 6 Military
- 7 Crime and Law Enforcement
- 7.1 Legal Code
- 7.2 Hanseom State Police (HSP)
- 7.3 Number Four Bureau (SBB)
- 7.4 Hanseom Incarceration Bureau
- 8 Economy
- 9 Further Reading
Prehistoric and Ancient Hanseom
Archaeologists found evidence of cave-dwelling proto-humans in northeast Hanseom that date back to approximately 400 thousand years ago. There is evidence that at least some of these groups used fire. Most of these groups most likely died off around 80 thousand years ago. Evidence suggests that the remainder of these groups adopted a nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Archaeological evidence suggests that as early as 10,000 BCE, these nomadic groups had begun to settle in communities that used advanced agricultural practices and centered around large burial mounds. While it appears that there certain tribes made efforts in the fifth millennium BCE to unite large portions of the island under their rule, these would be frustrated by the arrival of Songian settlers in approximately 3500 BCE. These settlers were followed by military expeditions that slaughtered and enslaved the native populace. It is estimated that the last of the original proto-humans died out around 3200 BCE.
The Songian settlers brought their own agricultural practices and constructed cities consisting of clay houses. The largest of these settlements eventually became modern-day Seongham. This region would remain the island's breadbasket until the 1950s when a civil war divided the island.
Under the Songian provincial government, art flourished and the island's people became quite prosperous. By 1000 BCE, however, the island's populace began resisting constant calls from the central Songian government to provide people for wars against modern day Questers. This led to the provincial government to declare the island's independence in 980 BCE. With most of its resources tied up in wars on the continent, Songia was unable to prevent Hanseom (then Handao)'s independence as the people of the island forged their own identity. This identity would be cemented over the next 1000 years as Songia launched many failed attempts to reclaim the island as theirs.
While much of the history from 450 to 200 BCE was destroyed, there is evidence that the assassination of a Hanseom emperor caused the island to fracture into what could essentially be considered city states, each fighting their neighbors for dominance. On occasion, Songian invasions necessitated the warring cities to temporarily set aside their differences and fight their common enemy. Over time the cities consolidated into five regional kingdoms that slowly stopped fighting each other.
High Hanseom Kingdom (130 CE)
In about 130 CE, the kings from the five major houses of Old Hanseom ratified a treaty that once again established a unified Hanseom that could more effectively fight off Taihei incursions. On March 18, 130, Heo Jo the Fair became the first king of the High Hanseom Kingdom (고한섬시대-Go Hanseom Shidae). Under Heo Jo's rule the Hanin embraced poetry and the arts. Shortly after Heo Jo's death in 163 at the age of 53, Park Kijeon, who would later be known as King Kijeon the Great (기전대왕님- Kijeon Daewangnim) succeeded Heo Jo as the King of Hanseom.
Under Kijeon, the Hanin focused on expanding the arts and making literature and poetry more accessible to even the peasant class. The Hanin Language had, up until this point, used a localized version of Songian characters. As a direct result of this, only the most educated Hanin were literate and Hanseom suffered a staggering 91 per cent illiteracy rate. In 172 Kijeon unveiled an alphabet for the Hanin language, which was designed to be easily taught to even the most uneducated peasant. Literacy rates in Hanseom soared and had reached 82% by the time of Kijeon's death in 193 (age 49).
Hanseom successfully maintained their isolationist nature throughout the High Kingdom, attacking explorers that came to the island's shores. Despite having achieved virtually 100% literacy over 100 years prior, the arts slowly fell out of favor in the 800s and by the year 889, artistic expression was prohibited to anyone not bearing the King's official seal. Institutionally, the peasantry were largely left to continue living their lives as they wished, but some nobles curtailed peasant rights, taking note of the changing times. The coronation of King Hwang Jyehoon in 904 brought sweeping changes to the kingdom. The most physically fit peasants from each village were forcibly conscripted into the military, where they received better benefits than the rest of society. At the same time the Office of Production provided incentives for local nobles to push their peasants to certain jobs, nobles sanctioned those that failed to fall into the preferred lines of work. In 911, the King's Army, which at this point had become an elite warrior class in many ways on par with the lower nobility, deployed from their barracks near present day Cheongjun and immediately took control of the surrounding towns and villages. This action was met with little opposition in the areas surrounding Cheongjun and the Daesan Fortress, but as the army moved further away from the centralized government, they met more opposition. By 914, those local nobles allowed by the central government to keep their titles were reduced to little more than figureheads with no real control over their dominions. Nobles that failed to fall in line with the centralization plans were stripped of their titles and put to death. The peasantry, which had become a slave class by this point, were forcibly relocated and families split up.
The announcement of the Four Class System in 918 officially established the peasantry as a slave class and led to a revolt in the northern region. In late August 918, a group of 50 men from the coastal city of Pahang assembled at the palace and requested an audience with their noble to demand better living conditions. The palace guard denied their request and when the group refused to disperse, the local garrison moved in and killed them. This action, which was meant to break the population's resolve to revolt, only served to strengthen it. Less than a week later most of the town's population armed themselves with what weapons they had available and assembled at the palace. Once again the local garrison deployed and the crowd, upon hearing the military horns, attacked the palace guard and moved into the palace grounds, setting fire to several outbuildings before turning their attention upon the main palace building. After blocking all ground level exits from the palace, the crowd started multiple fires along the outside of the palace itself. While the garrison quickly put down this revolt, numerous people escaped the massacre and spread to nearby villages, spreading the news of their activities. Over the next several years the slave revolt gained momentum, and by 932, the revolt reached the Daesan Fortress, placing it under siege for the next year. The revolt finally ended in mid-933 when Hwang Jyehoon, knowing that his forces no longer held the strength to keep the slaves from the fortress ordered his remaining men to surrender to the slave army and killed himself. The next seven years led to constant infighting among the victors until 950, when the son of a former noble managed to consolidate control of the land north of Samgwang. The Second Kingdom was established late that year in the city of Taeil.
Following the nearly 150 years of turmoil that brought down the High Hanseom Kingdom, the first King of the Second Kingdom (who took the moniker Heo Jeo the Second) implemented policies to decentralize the government and return primary governing authority to the local landholders. Initially this was a welcome change, but as more and more landholders abused their peasants, unrest grew again. By 1100, peasant revolts had swept through 27 of the 384 counties, deposing six local governments in the south. Because the kingdom itself lacked a standing army and the other landholders were unwilling to send troops to put down these revolts, little could be done to restore the previous ruling class. In August 1100, the Taeil government formally established the Hamgak Semi-Autonomous Zone.
The government in Taeil continued to implement reforms, and in 1322, The Hanseom National Assembly met for the first time in a makeshift meeting house within the central city of Gwangil. In its first iteration, the National Assembly consisted of one elected citizen of each county. Not yet a true legislative body, the first National Assembly existed to air local grievances to the king. It continued in this form until 1502, when King Park Samgwang declared the establishment of the Second Assembly. The Second Assembly introduced an upper (consisting of all land owners) and lower house (consisting of two elected officials from each county). Serving as the primary legislative body for the Kingdom, the Second Assembly was one of the first democratically elected lawmaking bodies on Earth.
The Second Assembly placated the peasantry through 1513, when a Yamato expeditionary force arrived in Jinju and began spreading across the island, inflicting Yamato rule everywhere they went. In November 1513, the National Assembly voted to move the Hanseom capital to Seongham. Despite the strong performance of local armies belonging to landholders in the south, The National Assembly voted to create a standing Hanseom Army (HNA) under command of the King and his security advisers. At first a stopgap measure, the HNA fought the Yamatos to a stalemate and proved the value of a professional standing army on the national level. Following much deliberation, in January 1519, the Second Assembly voted to relinquish most of their authority in favor of returning it to the king and by 1527, central government forces took control of the semi-autonomous zone.
By 1531, forces loyal to King Kim Joonsoo held control of every city on the island. In February 1531, the Second Assembly took two votes. The first vote (announcing the end of the Second Kingdom and establishment of the Seongham Empire) passed with a 64.8% 'YES' vote. In the second vote, 50.8% of the Assemblymen voted to disband the Second Assembly.
Despite the widespread support shown to the new Seongham government and the Emperor (formerly king), a group of landowners in the north refused to pledge loyalty to the central government. In April 1531, a large HNA contingent marched on these lands and demanded the surrender of anyone refusing to pledge loyalty to the government. This was to no avail and on the night of 24 April, the military slaughtered the landowners and their families, securing the land for the Emperor. When news of this spread, it lead to minor uprisings that were quickly crushed by the military.
On 15 January 1532, Emperor Kim issued an order that all blades above two Chi (approx. 6cm) in length be surrendered to the military no later than 25 January. After giving the population a two day grace period, HNA soldiers searched every residence and business in the country and arrested anyone found in violation of the order. Punishment varied depending on the severity of the infraction, but the most common punishments were a monetary fine and forfeiture of land, but punishments of hard labor, imprisonment, and death were also handed down.
Due to the haphazard nature in which punishments were issued during implementation of the order, Emperor Kim commissioned a group of judges to write a legal code for the country to follow. On 4 October 1532, this code was issued to every court across the island. Additionally, each town and city posted a copy of the code in the town square for citizens to review and understand.
1535 saw the creation of the three member State Council, which served as the head of state. Consisting of Emperor Kim as the Chief Counselor, it also included Right State Counselor Hwang Hongsik and Left State Counselor Yu Jyehan, who were members of the Emperor's extended family. Created with the State Council were the Three Ministries (Finance, Public Defense, and Personnel) and Two Offices (Inspector General and Special Advisors). Following the 1540 national census, the Office of the Censor would split from the Ministry of Personnel. Another major reform to the government came with the State Judiciary Reformation Clause, which established a three tier court system, consisting of the State Court, Provincial Courts, and Local Courts.
Initially, these new government offices performed poorly, as they were staffed by political appointees, but in 1551, the National Academy was established to develop competent civil servants. A civil service exam was given to all students in the final year of primary education, after which the top 3-5 percentile were extended an invitation to attend the academy. Upon graduation, the new bureaucrat was granted status as either a level 9 or 10 civil servant and assigned to a government office.
By 1565, the citizens had grown weary of the army acting in a law enforcement capacity and began demanding reforms. This led to the National Criminal Law Reform of 1566 and the National Law Reform of 1570. These reforms created a national constabulary, which was divided into provincial offices. Primary law enforcement tasks (such as patrolling, serving notices, bailiff duties, and making arrests) were transferred from the army to the constabulary while still providing legal standing for the army to assist in criminal justice matters outside of martial law.
From 1575 through 1605, the Hanseom government implemented three rounds of ten year plans aiming to enlarge the economy, increase the population, and restructure the military. This saw the HNA renamed to the National Defense Forces (Gugbangdae, 국방대, 國防隊) and divided into three separate branches (Army, Navy, and Naval Infantry). The first test of the newly structured military would come in 1609 when the military launched invasions of numerous Taihei-held islands. The newly formed Naval Infantry performed admirably and between their amphibious assaults and the sea defense provided by the navy, Taihei no longer held any island territory within the Sea of Hanseom by 1613.
The next 175 years would bring non-stop peace to the Seongham Empire. Universities sprang up in cities across the nation and Hanseom culture of the time placed a heavy emphasis on poetry and art. During this time, the Office of the Benevolent petitioned to increase the primacy of Benevolence Doctrine within the nation. By 1750, all civil servants were required to subscribe to Benevolence Doctrine and the court system adopted the preservation of Benevolence as their new priority. Also during this time, an entrepreneur named Park Jaewon would found Keumil, which would eventually become the Saeil Chaebol (conglomerate) that still operates today.
In 1784, the Hanin people had grown tired of not having a voice in government and began demanding reforms. This was met initially with strong resistance and many protests were violently put down. However, following the death of Benevolent Bu Jo in 1802, the new Benevolent was much more sympathetic to the people's desire for representation to the government. Following the advocacy of Benevolent Ma Sumok to the State Council, the Third National Assembly was established on 19 April 1804 as a citizen advocacy and government advisory panel. Seongham citizens petitioned to the government for more changes to the status quo. This led to a 1836 requirement for the Left and Right Councilors to be royal family members that attended the National Academy. This was further reformed in 1877, when the position of Left and Right Councilor were opened up to level 1 civil servants outside of the royal family.
Regional Power (1911-1941)
Hanin-Taihei War (1941-1943)
Buildup to Civil War (1943-1955)
In the aftermath of the Hanseom-Teihei War, many Hanin lost faith in the Seongham government and the Benevolence Doctrine as a whole. This created a host of people susceptible to the tenants of God Worship being taught by prisoners of war returned by the Taihei government. This small cadre would grow in size to nearly three million people by 1950.
The decade leading up to the Hanseom Civil War also saw strikes against poor working conditions by employees of the country's chaebol. Although the military and police violently ended many of these strikes, they were ultimately successful in their goal of increased salaries, reduced working hours, and a stronger emphasis on safe work conditions.
The summer of 1951 featured mass protests demanding that principles of God Worship be introduced into the Seongham government. The State Council vehemently denied these demands, which led to street battles between the protesters and the combat police. Citing the rising property damage and casualties among the combat policemen, the State Council deployed tanks to crush the protests, which were brought to a close in April. For the next four years, a tense peace hung over the island between the God Worshippers and the government, but this would not last.
Hanseom Civil War (1955-1959)
Engish: Hanseom Civil War
Hanseom:쌍4대단원 (Double 4 Catastrophe)
Namseom:한인해방혁명 (Hanin Liberation Struggle)
|File:Hanseom Civil War.png|
Montage of the Hanseom Civil War
Seongham Empire (to 1957)|
Republic of Hanseom (1957-1959)
|Commanders and leaders|
Hong Subin †
Lee Jaesoo †
Hong Hongil †
|Casualties and losses|
81,000 MIA or POW
19 MIA or POW
81,019 MIA or POW
67,000 MIA or POW
Republic of Hanseom:
61,000 MIA or POW
Total: 449,000 dead, 539,000 wounded, 128,000 MIA or POW
|Total Civilians Killed or Wounded: 3.4 million (estimated)|
Main Article: Hanseom Civil War
In the evening hours of 4 April 1955, Taihei Tengoku-backed partisans in cities across Hanseom launched coordinated attacks on government facilities, placing over 60% of the country under God Worshipper rule by the time government forces rallied on 26 May. By 25 June, government forces had regained some ground, but the God Worshippers, now operating under the banner of ‘Forces Advocating for God’ (FAG), still held over half of the country.
Over the next year, Seongham government forces would advance down the island, controlling 92% of the country by July 1956, but this progress was constantly stymied by pockets of insurrection that appeared seemingly everywhere. This advance was finally halted completely in August, when Taihei advisors, familiar with government tactics following the Hanseom-Taihei war of the early 1940s, arrived on the island.
Another crippling blow to the Seongham government came in January 1957, when protesters in Taeil and Gyeho questioned why citizens were fighting and dying to protect the Emperor and his family. These protests hampered production of military goods until early March, when Taihei operatives assassinated the sitting Benevolent in an attempt to further cripple national resolve. This would prove to be the final death blow to the Seongham Empire; and on 17 March 1957, at the urging of the new Benevolent, Bae Myungho, Emperor Kwon Yeongsu resigned as Chief Counselor, to be replaced the following day by Sin Samhwa. Kwon would remain in place as the Emperor to assist Sin in the transition, but only in an advisory role. The next day, at Sin’s direction, The Republic of Hanseom was established.
Due to the government turmoil, FAG regained much lost ground and had, by April 1957, pushed up past Gwangil, almost reaching the Jinju city gates. This was to be the last rapid push of the war on either side, and the next two years would see Republic forces slowly retake lost ground.
As 1957 drew to a close, the Republic army, struggling against FAG’s newly-acquired tanks and heavy weapons, had only advanced about 150 kilometers to the south. As the year drew to a close, both sides fought for control of the mountain passes east of Gwangil
1958 would see more Republican progress, albeit slow. By March Gwangil and Uije were in Republican hands, and in late July, they recaptured Hwisang, finally breaking out of the island’s natural bottleneck to expand the front. Republican forces, aided by newly-introduced tactics and weapons, would advance west for the rest of the year, taking Seoju in mid-December.
In 1959, Republican forces would achieve several breakthroughs of FAG’s front lines, and while most of these were contained before they could be fully exploited, the advance south did make fairly significant progress before a proper defense was reorganized. This defense stopped the Republican army north of Cheongjun in late February, and turned into a counter-offensive that placed Seonglim firmly in FAG’s control by mid-March. As the front lines turned into a stalemate, both sides began negotiating a cease-fire.
As negotiations continued through March and into April, the front line in the east would remain static while Republic forces made one final push south, capturing Cheongjun on 24 April. This would be the last major battle of the war and in the evening hours of 1 May 1959, both sides agreed to a cease fire, to be followed by a formal armistice the following day.
The war would leave a legacy of families split between the two nations and would serve to reignite latent Hanin cultural racism. During the war and n the subsequent years, both sides targeted civilians suspected of harboring sympathies for the other side, killing nearly 3.2 million civilians during the war and over 200,000 more in the post-war purges. Both sides spent the subsequent decades rebuilding, which massively increased urbanization on both halves of the island.
Republic of Hanseom
1983 Student uprising and coup
|Battle of Taeil|
|Part of 1983 Student Uprising Movement|
|File:Battle of Taeil.png|
The remnants of a military checkpoint in Taeil
Hanseom Student Democratization Movement|
Hanseom Capital Defense Forces|
Taeil Combat Police Battalion
|Commanders and leaders|
Roh Hakyoung †
Shin Jaeyoung †
Choi Minho †
Ban Kyungsok †
120 infantry vehicles
8000 naval infantrymen
1200 combat police
450 infantry vehicles
80 police carriers
|Casualties and losses|
January - March On 6 January 1993, a group of college students from Taeil National University led by Roh Hakyoung (노학영) met with a ROHA general, Cho Kyungwon (조경원), regarding the civil rights situation in the country. Cho, who was already sympathetic to the civil rights cause, began looking for support among other officers to attempt to force democratization upon the government. In the early morning hours of 5 March, Cho was arrested in his home on the outside of Taeil by military police from the Capital District Military Police Battalion and charged with treason. After a short trial, which began on 8 March, Cho and 12 other officers were convicted and sentenced to death. This sentence was carried out by Capital District military policemen in a public execution by firing squad at the Taeil National University front gate at 11:19AM on 9 March. Their bodies remained tied to the gate for 24 hours afterward in an effort to deter any further talk of democratization. On 10 March, their bodies were cremated and disposed of in an unspecified location.
18 March These actions further inflamed the college students, who staged a sit-in on the street in front of the Red House on 18 March to coincide with Republic Establishment Day. By 11AM, the demonstration attracted over two thousand students and continued to grow. During the 12:00 hour, multiple orders were given by local Hanseom National Police (HNP) officers for the crowd to disperse. Due to the students' refusal to disperse, HNP Combat Policemen deployed from their barracks. Heavily armed with armored personnel carriers, batons, and gas masks, they arrived on scene at 2:10PM and began immediate deployment in full riot gear with gas mask. another order to disperse. Before finishing the dispersal order, the armored personnel carriers opened up on the crowd with pepper spray cannons and the police line descended upon the crowd. By 3:15PM, the sit-in was broken and the police arrested over 500 people. The police on scene refused entrance into the area by paramedics until after 5PM, and as a result 157 students died on the scene. A further 39 were taken to area hospitals. The disproportionate use of violence against unarmed protesters further angered the students, who turned out in greater numbers the following day.
19 March 19 March saw the protests spread northeast to the city of Gangneung, where at least 1800 people marched through the streets. The HNP deployed the Gangneung combat police company to break up this march. During the crackdown, 79 protesters and two policemen were killed with an additional 125 protesters injured in the clashes. Following the crackdown, police made 232 arrests at the Gangneung site.
In Taeil, a crowd of 15,000 people of all ages assembled at noon around the Red House and National Assembly building, demanding the resignation of President Shin Jaeyoung (신제용). Simultaneously, a crowd of at least 7000 marched on the HNP headquarters, where two companies from the Taeil combat police battalion met them in offensive formation, trailed by armored personnel carriers. Without warning, the personnel carriers fired their pepper spray cannons at the protesters while combat policemen announced over a loudspeaker that anyone that chose to disperse now would be allowed to leave. Several hundred people departed the march along the HNP-established cordon and were met by a third company of policemen, who attacked the group with tear gas and pepper balls before moving in to arrest them. Meanwhile, the protesters remaining in front of the HNP headquarters came under further attack by combat policemen, who reported at 2:45PM that the demonstration at the HNP building was completely contained. In all, the violence directed toward the demonstrators at HNP headquarters killed 302 people and injured at least 1200 more. Nearly 6300 people were placed under arrest, but because there was no more jail space in the city, the police held them in the area for almost 36 hours with no food, water, or shelter before moving them to a prison camp established on Stone Island, northwest of Gangneung.
At the Red House, the protest remained peaceful until just after 2PM when naval infantrymen from the 612 Military Unit, a Naval Infantry Brigade, deployed to protect the President and contain the protest. At 2:13PM, the naval infantrymen opened fire with a machine-gun on a group of protesters attempting to climb the Red House outer fence, killing three of them and critically wounding the other two. This enraged the crowd, who set upon the naval infantrymen in their trucks and beat several of them to death before the other naval infantrymen took control of the situation. By 5PM the naval infantrymen had completely dispersed the crowd and arrested over 500 people believed to have attacked naval infantrymen. In another move designed to break the spirit of the protesters, the naval infantry commander on the ground ordered his men to fire into the holding area with machine-guns. Counting these deaths, 631 protesters and 24 naval infantrymen lay dead in front of the Red House while another 574 demonstrators and 13 naval infantrymen were injured. Naval infantry medics refused to treat the injured demonstrators and as before paramedics were denied access to the area.
By nightfall, over 1000 protesters lay dead in Taeil and Gangneung. The nearly 1900 injured still needed medical attention, which was denied to them. Nationwide, almost 8700 people were arrested for activities in connection with the protests. The HNP requested the assistance of military forces within the capital in containing the protests. Nearly 20,000 troops from the 14 Military Unit (Taeil Defense Command), and the 612 Military Unit deployed across Taeil, establishing checkpoints with tanks and other armored vehicles. An 8PM curfew was implemented nationwide.
20 March - 1 April The days following 19 March were relatively calm. Scattered groups protested in small numbers across most major cities, but police gave them a wide berth and there was no major trouble. Within Taeil Special City, the military presence in the streets both brought the city to near economic standstill and completely halted any plans to assemble in the streets.
On 21 March, student and union leaders from the five largest cities in Hanseom met to discuss plans for a general strike to take place on 2 April. Word of the strike plans reached the government and Defense Minister Seo Juyeon (서주연) ordered the HNP chief Ban Kyungsok (방경속) to send officers to arrest the ringleaders. On the evening of 30 March, officers from HNP barracks across the nation arrested over 200 student and union leaders under charges of treason and inciting a riot. The next day, demonstrators held protests in every major city across the nation, demanding the resignation of Shin, Seo, and Ban. Police response to the protests was once again forceful, with combat police across the nation beating protesters with batons and cordoning them into areas where they were doused with pepper spray. Among those injured in the crackdown were North Point journalist John Donaldson and his cameraman Timothy Hendricks. When news of this reached North Point, demonstrators demanded the North Point-Hanseom relationship be reexamined. The North Point Foreign Office summoned the Hanseom ambassador to explain his government's actions.
2 April General Strike Despite the arrests of the strike's ringleaders, members of every major student group and union assembled in every city in Hanseom. Combat police were unable to move quick enough to prevent assembly in most cities and were quickly overwhelmed by the mass amount of protesters, pulling back into their barracks to request help from local ROHA units. Outside of the capital, military units weary of continued violence against civilians were reluctant to put down the strikes, but eventually complied. Nationwide, Hanseom Army units deployed into cities with infantry and heavy armor. The demonstrations in most cities quickly dispersed and the demonstrators were allowed to return to their homes without further bloodshed. In Usan this led to a situation where the HNP commander ordered his men to arrest the commander of the army brigade deployed into the city. A short firefight ensued, during which 12 policemen and 3 soldiers were killed. Among the dead was the police commander, prompting the police to surrender to the military, who confined them in the barracks and took control of policing duties within the city.
The Battle of Taeil In the capital, an entirely different story played out. In the early morning hours on 2 April, militant protesters used the cover of darkness to move into military and police armories and stole several heavy weapons and small arms. Led by a group of military veterans, they waited until nightfall and then spread out to attack military checkpoints across Taeil.
In the early 8PM hour, armed protesters fired an ATGM into a checkpoint on the east side of Taeil, followed by massed automatic weapons fire, destroying an H1 Tank, killing six naval infantrymen and wounding three more. Shortly after, checkpoints across the city reported shots fired. Several blocks from the Red House, protesters quickly overwhelmed a dismounted tank crew and subsequently stole the tank. General Bu Daeyeong (부대용), the commander of 141 Military Unit (a mechanized infantry division) stationed within Taeil, but not called upon to defend it, heard the explosions and gunfire. He met with soldiers from the division's third brigade (1414 MU) and stayed with them as they deployed into the city from their motor pool. When he observed soldiers from the capital defense division firing indiscriminately into houses and civilian buildings, he attempted to contact them via radio. The capital defense soldiers stopped attacking the civilians and instead turned their attention onto Bu's men, who returned fire and began securing the city with support from the militants.
By 11:30PM, militants had breached the Red House compound and had used a stolen tank to punch through the south wall on the Red House itself. When Bu's men arrived in the early 12AM hour, they were startled to find a tank with a broken body partially under each track (later identified as Shin Jaeyoung and Vice President Choi Minho). General Bu, eager to stop the continuing violence, attempted again to make contact with their rival army and naval infantry units. By sunrise on 3 April, both sides agreed to stand down. Soldiers from the 1122 MU held the defense minister in custody. Over 11,000 people lay dead or injured in Taeil on both sides.
3 - 4 April During the next 48 hours, soldiers, police, and civilians in Taeil agreed to put aside their differences and try to pick up the pieces of the city. The police established a temporary morgue within one of the outbuildings of the Red House while army medics assisted civilian paramedics in treating the wounded on both sides. Military engineers assisted civilian construction crews in assessing the damage done to the city and removing debris and destroyed military vehicles. Soldiers assigned to arrest HNP Director Ban found him dead from a self-inflicted gunshot wound in his office.
5 April At 8AM on 5 April, General Bu addressed the nation concerning the events of the previous days. He announced that full military rule was coming but pledged his full commitment to a return of the democratic political system in place before the Shin government took power. In declaring that free and fair elections would occur in February 1995, he invited observers from outside Hanseom to ensure that these elections were impartial. Bu also requested people volunteer to help clean up Taeil, which had received only light damage, but still contained debris everywhere.
Bu's announcement was announced with skepticism at first, but within weeks, the national government mailed each citizen a copy of Pathway to Democratization, which was a report on how the government planned to achieve democratization. With very few exceptions, the government met every milestone on time or ahead of schedule. With his additional focus on human rights within Hanseom, many Hanin called upon Bu to run in the election but he declined.
On 23 February 1995 amid a heavy police presence for security, Lee Choongsoon, a 50 year old professor of economics at Hanseom University became the first democratically-elected Hanseom President for 15 years.
Below the national government, the Republic of Hanseom is divided into 21 level 1 governates, consisting of 14 provinces (도 do), one unified province (연합도 yeonhabdo), one special city (특별시 teukbyulshi), and five metropolitan cities (광역시 gwangyeokshi). These level 1 governates are further divided in to level 2-5 governates.
|Hanin||Osticized||Translation||Population||Government Office||Subordinate To||Number|
|특별시||Teukbyul Shi||Special City||N/A||Yes||Hanseom||1|
|광역시||Gwangyeok Shi||Metropolitan City||Over 5,000,000||Yes||Hanseom||5|
|자치구||Jachigu||Autonomous District||250,000-1,000,000||Yes||Metropolitan/Special City|
|Level 1 Governates|
|Name||Common name||Osticized name||Seat||Population||Image||Divisions|
| Taeil Teukbyulshi
|Taeil Special City|| Parangang
| Daesan Gwangyeokshi
|Daesan Metropolitan City|| Daesan Shijang
| Gyeho Gwangyeokshi
|Gyeho Metropolitan City|| Gyeho Shijang
| Baekgwang Gwangyeokshi
|Baekgwang Metropolitan City|| Baekgwang Shijang
| Gwangil Gwangyeokshi
|Gwangil Metropolitan City|| Gwangil Shijang
| Hamgak Gwangyeokshi
|Hamgak Metropolitan City|| Tongil Gu
| Bukhae Bukdo
|North Bukhae Province|
| Bukhae Bukdo
|South Bukhae Province|
| Yanggak Dongdo
|East Yanggak Province|
| Yanggak Seodo
|West Yanggak Province|
| Yanggak Dongdo
|South Yangnam Province|
| Hanhae Bukdo
|North Hanhae Province|
| Hanhae Namdo
|South Hanhae Province|
According to a 2019 Ministry of Personnel estimate, Hanseom's population sits at 180,366,215, an increase of nearly 80 million people due to reunification with Namseom. A homogeneous nation, Hanin people make up the majority (95 per cent) of the population, while the most significant minority populations are Songia (4.3 per cent) and Yamato (0.5 per cent). Since 1900, there has been a significant rise in urbanization, from 15 per cent in 1900 to an estimated 89 per cent in 2019. This has led to Hanseom having one of the world's highest population densities of 341 per square kilometer (548 per square mile). Daesan is the nation's most populated city, with nearly 29 million inhabitants, followed by the capital of Taeil (25 million), Hamgak (19 million), Gwangil (18 million),and Baekgwang (9 million).
In recent years, Hanseom's birthrate has slowed due to the increasing priority that Hanin women have placed on their careers. If this trend continues, Hanseom is expected to experience negative population growth by 2035. Following reunification, this trend has slowed, but it is expected to increase again as former Namseom citizens are integrated more and more into the Hanseom economy and assimilate Hanseom cultural norms. The increasing life expectancy of Hanseom citizens (82 years in 2019) has begun to tax the national pension system, which has prompted a growing movement to privatize the retirement system and place the burden of retirement planning on individual citizens. Previous Benevolents have resisted this though, citing the need under Benevolence to take care of all.
Hanin is the official language of Hanseom and all applicants for permanent residency status and citizenship are required to take a language proficiency test as part of the application process. Hanin uses its own writing system, developed by Kijeon the Great, but official government documents still make extensive use of Songian characters. Due to the Hanin writing systems ease of use, Hanseom has a literacy rate of 98 per cent.
All Hanin are required to learn a second language starting in year five of school, of which Dumani and Praetonian are the two most commonly chosen. A student's foreign language proficiency weighs heavily in their college entrance exams.
The Hanseom language has five dialects (Taeil, Central, Namseom, Baeksae, and Hwaseom), which have slight differences within each individual dialect based on geography. Of these, Namseom is considered the most different from the others, as the Namseom government wished to keep the language 'pure' and eschewed the usage of loan words from other languages. An example of this would be the word helicopter. In the Namseom dialect, it is dolpunggi (돌풍기, spinning wind machine), but every other dialect uses the Praetonian-derived haelgi (핼기). Another example would be air conditioner (aeocon 에이어컨 vs naengpoonggi 냉풍기/cold air machine). All official business in Hanseom, at every level of government, is conducted in the Taeil dialect.
Hanseom has traditionally been a religiously homogeneous country with the overwhelming majority of Hanin following the Benevolence Doctrine. Due to an increase in popularity of other religions, the adherence to Benevolence has decreased to 62.6 per cent according to the 2015 census. The most significant minority religions are Dumani Pantheonism (12.5 per cent) and Oswinisn (1.6 per cent). Recently, Hanseom has seen an upswing in the number of religiously unaffiliated people, which reached 11.6 per cent according to the 2015 census. While tradition has guaranteed freedom of religion in Hanseom, God Worship was outlawed in Hanseom in 1955 following the start of the civil war and the practice of such remains illegal. Members of the population caught practicing God Worship are fined and placed in reeducation camps, where they are indoctrinated with Benevolence Doctrine. This was the major point of contention among Namseom citizens following the end of the Second Hanseom War and served as the single largest roadblock to reunification. Between 2000 and 2016, the militaries of the Republic of Hanseom and the Namseom Provisional State engaged in a campaign to eliminate God Worshippers that refused to convert.
As the state religion, Benevolence forms the basis of the Hanseom government. All rank 6 and higher civil servants are required to adhere to one of the two interpretations of Benevolence Doctrine (Mainline and Reform). Additionally, all Hanseom laws are required to abide by the current Benevolent's interpretation of the Benevolence Doctrine. Due to the primacy of Benevolence within Hanseom, the Benevolent Brotherhood enjoys significant tax and societal benefits. In larger cities, multiple Benevolent temples can be found in every neighborhood, and even the smallest ban has a temple.
The Politics of Hanseom take place in the context of an unwritten constitution that dates back to the 16th-century. The political culture of Hanseom is dominated by the Great Benevolent (Taeinjanim, 태인자님, 太人子님), a religious leader with little formal power. The Great Benevolent oversees a system which has lasted since the abolition of the Second Assembly in 1531. This system comprises four major parts:
- The government executive, including the eight government ministries and three offices, known as Paljo samsa (팔조 삼사, 八曺 三司), which provide checks and balances on the government. The government is led by the State Council (Uijeongbu, 의정부, 議政府), a triumvirate of three state councilors (dangsanggwan, 당상관, 堂上官) who act as the heads of government. The State Council directs the government, can levy taxes, declare war, and issue passports.
- The Office of the Benevolent, which includes the head of state. Before Hanseom became a Republic, the Office of the Benevolent was an advisor to the monarchy, but due to its role in Hanseom religion, the Benevolent survived and took over the role of moral guidance. It exercises political power through informal links, the appointment of the supreme court, civil servants, and the Seonggyungwan, the National Academy, (Gukgwan, 국관, 國館), which prepares future civil servants. The Benevolent also oversees a bodyguard corps, the Taeil Defense Command, and a secret police, the Number Four Bureau.
- The Third National Assembly of Hanseom (Gughwae, 국회, 國會) is the bicameral parliament of Hanseom, which all citizens can vote in. With the approval of the Benevolent, the Upper Assembly (Sanghwae, 상회, 上會) can edit any laws passed by the State Council. In addition to these powers, the Sanghwae can also edit the criminal code of Hanseom and introduce legislation on civil law, but otherwise has no power to direct the government. The Lower Assembly (Hahwae, 하회, 下會) serves as a citizens advocacy group and can, through the written petition system (sangeon, 상언; 上言), advocate to the Uijeongbu and Sanghwae on behalf of the citizens that approach the Assembly through the oral petition system (gyeokjaeng, 격쟁; 擊錚).
- The Hanseom State Judiciary (Sabeobbu, 사법부, 司法府) is Hanseom's legal organ. It consists of the Hanseom Supreme Court (Daebeobweon, 대법원, 大法院), three regional courts (Jiyeog beobweon, 지역 법원, 地域法源), and 21 district courts (Jibang beobweon, 지방 법원, 地方法源). The Hanseom court system operates for the protection of the Benevolent and Benevolence. As such the Daebeobweon may initiate impeachment proceedings against any civil servant and may declare actions of the Sanghwae counter to Benevolence Doctrine.
The Eight Ministries and Three Offices serve under the State Council as cabinet-level ministries. They evolved over time from the original Three Ministries and Two Offices over time. Level one through three governates have similar offices that serve in a more local level.
Ministry of Personnel (Ijo, 이조, 吏曹)
The Ministry of Personnel manages the rest of the bureaucracy. Following the graduation of a Seonggyungwan class, the Ijo assigns the newly appointed civil servants to a subordinate Personnel Bureau (Iguk, 이국, 吏署). The Ijo also manages government employee salaries, civil service promotion exams and demotes poorly-performing civil servants. Military personnel decisions fall outside of the Ijo's purview and are instead the responsibility of the Gukbangjo.
Ministry of Taxation (Hojo, 호조, 戶曹) The Ministry of Taxation manages the nation's finances. It was granted authority by the State Council to collect taxes levied by the Upper Assembly based along the principles of Benevolence. The Hojo is also responsible for recommending an annual budget to the State Council for approval by the Benevolent and Upper Assembly, collecting fines from citizens and businesses, and distributing money to lower levels of government.
Ministry of Commerce (Gongjo, 공조, 工曹) The Ministry of Commerce is responsible for managing foreign commerce, promoting economic growth, and creating jobs. The Gongjo also aims to promote industrial safety, business, and communications standards, and prepares annual economic reports.
Ministry of Transportation (Dongjo, 동조, 動曺) The Ministry of Transportation controls all transportation within the Republic of Hanseom and is responsible through subordinate departments for administering air and sea ports, constructing and maintaining highways, and maintaining the nation's rail infrastructure. Hanlink and Hanair, the national railroad and flag carrier airline, also fall under control of the Dongjo.
Ministry of Rites (Yejo, 예조, 禮曺) The Ministry of Rites serves as the Republic's foreign ministry. The Yejo maintains embassies in most polities and at least some relationship with several Commonwealth associations. The Ministry of Rites also plans and executes all State ceremonies in accordance with the Benevolence Doctrine according to guidance from the Benevolent.
Ministry of National Defense (Gugbangjo, 국방조, 國防曺) The Ministry of National Defense controls the five branches of the Republic's military. It is led by a civilian appointee that is advised by each service's chief officer. The Gukbangjo sets military standards, advises the Hojo on military spending priorities, and works hand in hand with the leadership of the Taeil Defense Command.
Ministry of Public Order (Gonganjo, 공안조, 公安造) The Ministry of Public Order controls the Hanseom State Police and is responsible for the implementation of national law. The Gonganjo maintains an extensive database on all entities operating within the island, thought to be second only to that of the SBB.
Ministry of Justice (Hyeongjo, 형조, 刑曺) The Ministry of Justice administers the Hanseom Incarceration Bureau and serves as the state's legal arm. Lawyers from the Hyeongjo represent the state in all relevant legal matters and ensure that the state follows Benevolence Doctrine in all legal matters.
Office of Inspector General (Saheonbu, 사헌부, 師憲部)
Office of Censors (Saganwon, 사간원, 師簡院)
Office of Special Advisors (Hongmungwan, 홍문관, 弘文館)
The Unified Republic of Hanseom maintains diplomatic relations with most nations in SMSWorld. Additionally, Hanseom maintains relations with at least one association in each of the Common Law entities.
Main Article: National Budget of Hanseom
The Republic of Hanseom's fiscal year begins on January 1 and ends on December 31. Every year on September 1. the President submits, through the Prime Minister, a budget request to the National Assembly compiled from each member of the NAB's individual departmental requests. The National Assembly then votes on each item and submits a counter proposal for any budget item it disagrees with. This allows the National Assembly to effectively veto requests that the Assembly disagrees with. The approved budget with any counter proposals is due back to the office of the President by September 8, to allow further counter proposals by the NAB. The final approved budget is due at the office of the President no later than September 30. All persons involved in the budgetary process are penalized two days of pay for every day after September 30 the budget is late. This penalty occurred for the first time in 2016 during the first year of the Cho Miri presidency, with bugetary officials losing a total of 28 days of pay before reaching an agreement.
For FY19, the government of Hanseom estimated they would take in D338,160,946,226,970 (approximately $1,572,841,610,358) in revenue, but budgeted D379,010,946,226,970 (approximately $1,762,841,610,358). This D40,850,000,000,000 (approximately $190,000,000,000) deficit was down by nearly $1,290,000,000,000 from FY18. FY19 budget items include:
|Item||Budget in Don||Budget in Dollars||Per Cent of Budget||Per Cent of GDP|
|BUDGET AS PER CENT OF GDP||31.61%|
Republic of Hanseom Army
Main Article: Republic of Hanseom Army
Main Article: Republic of Hanseom Navy
Main Article: Republic of Hanseom Naval Infantry
Republic of Hanseom Air Force
Main Article: Republic of Hanseom Air Force
Main Article: Republic of Hanseom Naval Aviation
Republic of Hanseom Air Defense
Main Article: Republic of Hanseom Air Defense
Crime and Law Enforcement
Law enforcement in the Republic of Hanseom is handled by three agencies, the Hanseom State Police Agency, the Number Four Bureau, and the Hanseom Incarceration Bureau. These provide law enforcement services across all of Hanseom, and in the case of the Number Four Bureau, for Hanin worldwide.
Hanseom has a moderate rate of incarceration of 287 per 100,000 residents, but the government only includes the population of the Hanseom Incarceration Bureau prisons in officially reported stats.
Capital punishment is rare and executions are carried out at HIB Central, located in Hwigok Gun, Pyeongmyeon Province. Currently four people sit on death row in Hanseom, with an average wait time of eight months.
The Republic of Hanseom uses a system of civil law with a basis in the Benevolence Doctrine. The State Council creates and passes laws, which can be modified, with approval from the Benevolent, by the Upper Assembly, which can also modify the criminal code. Laws are enforced by the Hanseom State Police and justice administered by the Hanseom State Judiciary, which operates for the protection of the state, Benevolence Doctrine, and the Office of the Benevolent.
Due to the judiciary's function as a state protectorate, Hanseom criminal proceedings operate under a presumption of guilt and the onus is entirely upon the defendant to prove their innocence.
The Hanseom Criminal Code is the state legal manual that describes every criminal offense and gives a prescribed punishment for each. It is part of the larger Hanseom Legal Code, which includes subjects like transportation and agricultural law. The criminal code breaks criminal activity into three categories (misdemeanor, felony, capital). Misdemeanor and felony offenses are then broken into the low and high subcategories.
Hanseom State Police (HSP)
Established in principle by the National Criminal Law Reform of 1566 and in law by the National Law Reform of 1570, the Hanseom State Police Agency is the primary law enforcement body within the Republic of Hanseom.
National Patrol (HSP-NP)
The National Patrol holds jurisdictional authority across the entirety of the Republic of Hanseom and serves as the state's primary investigatory body. Officers of the National Patrol provide security to provincial-level government buildings, investigate high-level crimes with a national impact, and serve as a national highway patrol. Despite their higher profile, HSP-NP officers are armed no differently than their local counterparts.
Local Patrol (HSP-LP)
The Local Patrol provides flexible, area-focused policing services at the provincial and lower level. There are 21 HSP-LP commands, which are further divided into local police departments at the level three governance level. Police departments that cover a large area or population may further be broken up into local substations.
Local Patrol officers operate on the principal of community policing and are encouraged to interact and build rapport with the communities they serve. Officers of the HSP-LP typically operate patrol cars and carry a sidearm.
The Combat Police serves as the HSP's riot control, anti-terror, and SPecial Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) force. Transported in either armored personnel carriers or armored busses, the Combat Police often use brutal tactics to quickly restore order upon arrival at a scene.
When used for their primary purpose of riot control, combat policemen are primarily armed with a 1.5 meter long rubber 'repeater' baton and steel shields and employ harsh tactics and mass arrests to restore order with a minimal amount of property damage and risk to officer safety.
Number Four Bureau (SBB)
The Number Four Bureau (Sabeonbu, 사번부) answers directly to the Office of the Benevolent and serves as a secret police organization for the Republic of Hanseom. It exercises authority over all persons within Hanseom and is the only law enforcement agency not required to respect diplomatic immunity and as such, arrest diplomatic personnel and process them for deportation.
To aid in intelligence gathering efforts, The SBB maintains an extensive network consisting of 36 million paid and unpaid informants (nearly one in five residents). This number has increased steadily under Benevolent Ha Taejin, with a rumored goal of one in four Hanin functioning as informants.
In addition to domestic authority, the SBB claims authority over all ethnic Hanin living abroad. Since 2000 the SBB has been accused of kidnapping over 100 Hanin living abroad to face trial within Hanseom for both criminal and political acts.
Hanseom Incarceration Bureau
The Hanseom Incarceration Bureau (Hanseom Tuokso, 한섬 투옥소) administers the national prison system and carries out death sentence orders for the Hanseom government. Prior to the Hanseom Civil War, incarceration was a military police function.
Department of Prison Administration (DPA)
The Incarceration Bureau's Department of Prison Administration (Gamok Gwallibu), 감옥 관리부, 監獄 管理部) administers 192 prisons with a population of just over 625,000 prisoners. The Hanseom prison system operates on the principal of 'reformation through labor' and uses the motto 'Labor is freedom' (Rodongeun Jayu Ida, 로동은 자유이다). This system, in which prisoners produce anything from military uniforms to license plates without comepensation for up to 18 hours a day, has been decried by human rights activists as slave labor.
Following the end of the prisoner's sentence, they are entered in a job placement program, often in low-paying and dangerous jobs, and are required to submit to weekly inspections.
In addition to the 192 prisons, the DPA operates numerous detention centers across the country, which house persons accused of crimes before they go to trial. The DPA does not publish the detention center population, but it is estimated to be in the hundreds of thousands.
Department for the Administration of Capital Punishment (DACP)
Capital punishment in Hanseom is carried out by the Incarceration Bureau's Department for the Administration of Capital Punishment (Sahyeong Gwallibu, 사형 관리부, 死型 管理部). All executions since 1975 have been carried out in the drowning chamber at HIB Central on the first Monday of the month. Prior to this, the condemned were executed by firing squad, usually in a public area readily accessible to those familiar with the crime.
The night prior to the execution, the condemned is moved to the execution holding cell and given a choice of meal options from the prison's nightly menu as a final meal. On the morning of the execution, the condemned is granted the opportunity to attend a (non-God Worshipper) religious ceremony of their choice. Following this, a DACP lawyer gives the condemned the opportunity to create a will, after which the condemned is taken to the drowning chamber and strapped in to a seat built in to the end of the chamber. After the chamber is sealed, the condemned is afforded the opportunity for a final statement and water flow is turned on to the chamber, which takes approximately ten minutes to fill. Ten minutes after the chamber is filled to capacity, the water is emptied back into the chamber's holding tank and the condemned is checked for vital signs. Following the execution, the condemned's body is taken to the prison's incinerator.
Conviction of certain crimes, including terrorism, rape, murder of multiple persons (one if victim is a minor), sexual crimes against minors, human trafficking, God Worship (second offense), promotion of God Worship, disparaging the Benevolent, and recidivism of a felonious act, are punished with an automatic death sentence.
As of October 2019, there are currently four people on death row at HIB Central.
|Name||Crime||Time on Death Row||Scheduled Date of Execution|
|Lee Jinhoon||Terrorism||12 Months||2 December 2019|
|Ok Taehyun||Promotion of God Worship||9 Months||3 February 2020|
|Choi Younghwan||Sexual Crime involving a Minor||7 Months||Unknown 2020|
|Ban Minchaek||Human Trafficking||1 Month||Unknown 2021|